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BOX 11-1

Selected Proposed Improvements in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) Food Safety Management Highlighted Throughout This Report

  • Apply the recommended risk-based approach to the management of all domestic and imported foods and hazards, whether derived from food or animal feed or from intentional (i.e., with the intent to harm) or inadvertent contamination (Chapter 3).

  • Address the lack of resources (e.g., data infrastructure, human capacity) and organization for the implementation of a risk-based food safety management system. Access to appropriate resources (personnel, data, models) in support of this effort is central to the success of the FDA’s future food safety risk management activities (Chapter 3).

  • Identify metrics with which to measure the effectiveness of intervention strategies and the food safety system as a whole (Chapter 3).

  • Define the roles of the various parties sharing responsibility for food safety, and develop a road map with defined criteria for food safety governance, that is, the level and intensity of policy interventions and plans to evaluate them (Chapter 4).

  • Develop a strategic plan to identify data needs for a risk-based approach, and establish mechanisms to coordinate, capture, and integrate the data (Chapter 5). This includes data collected by state and local (including tribal and territorial) governments (Chapter 7), field personnel (Chapter 5), and the food industry (Chapter 5).

  • Remove barriers to the practical utilization of data to support a risk-based system, including problems with data sharing and gaps in analytical expertise within the FDA (Chapter 5).

the entire team tasked with facilitating agency changes must have the necessary vision, understanding, and experience to implement those changes. Further, since many FDA food safety activities are inextricably linked to those of other agencies with food safety jurisdiction (federal, state, and local) (see Table 2-1 in Chapter 2), coordination and collaboration with these agencies will be essential. As discussed in Chapter 3, moreover, change cannot occur without careful prior planning and substantial investments in physical, human, and financial resources. Finally, the need for strong leadership implies that appropriate legislative authority must be given to the agency (see Chapter 10).

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