TABLE 3.1 NASA Research and Development (R&D) Funding for FY 2005 Through FY 2009

Fiscal Year

NASA Total Budget ($ million)

R&D Funding ($ million)

R&D Share of Total NASA Budget (%)

Basic

Applied

Development

Total R&D

2005

16,070

2,386

1,957

3,494

7,837

48.8

2006

16,270

2,299

1,680

5,141

9,120

56.1

2007

16,100

1,786

947

5,576

8,309

51.6

2008

17,372

2,182

561

6,090

8,833

50.9

2009

17,782

1,844

1,044

6,244

9,132

51.4

NOTE: R&D budgets for 2005-2008 are actuals; 2009 is an estimate.

SOURCE: Richard Keegan, Office of Programs and Institutional Integration, NASA Headquarters, presentation to the committee on September 8, 2009.

TABLE 3.2 NASA Funding for Research and Development (R&D) Equipment and Facilities, FY 2005 Through FY 2009

Fiscal Year

Total NASA Budget ($ million)

Cos of Expenditures on R&D Facilities and Equipment ($ million)

Share of Total Budget (%)

2005

16,070

2,360

14.7

2006

16,270

2,197

13.5

2007

16,100

1,643

10.2

2008

17,372

2,349

13.5

2009

17,782

2,194

12.3

SOURCE: Richard Keegan, Office of Programs and Institutional Integration, NASA Headquarters, presentation to the committee on September 8, 2009.

total cost of any program or project. The move was driven by years of complaint from academic and industry researchers that NASA researchers held an unfair advantage in competitive bids for research opportunities, as the salaries of civil-servant scientists were not included and only a small overhead charge on postdoctoral researchers and secretaries was included. As a result of the FCA implementation, any project, whether research-oriented or mission-applicable, would have three cost categories applied, as appropriate. Direct costs are costs that are obviously and physically related to a project at the time that they are incurred, such as direct civil service salaries/benefits/travel and purchased goods and services. Service costs that cannot be specifically and immediately identified but can subsequently be traced or linked are assigned to a pool charge and applied to a project based on usage or consumption. Support services used by research laboratories, such as for technicians, contracted equipment maintenance and repair, and laboratory modifications, would fall into this category. The third category of applied cost is center management and operations (CM&O). CM&O costs are those that cannot be related or traced to a specific project but that benefit all activities. In 2007 NASA reassessed the allocation of such costs at the Headquarters level using a standard rate applied to all projects. Fundamental research projects not immediately related to and supported by a mission project would need to be funded under the CM&O category. Center directors received a CM&O budget to operate their centers to include all administrative support services plus any fundamental research not supported by mission projects. Fundamental research laboratories came into competition for limited dollars with fire protection, public affairs, nonprogram



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