A successful program will require a management office with sufficient resources to guide data management and synthesis, development of policies, and communication with principal investigators. There are many existing data management offices and databases that could support ocean acidification observational and research data.

The FOARAM Act also calls for an “Ocean Acidification Information Exchange” that would go beyond chemical and biological measurements alone, to produce syntheses and assessments that would be accessible to and understandable by managers, policy makers, and the general public. This is an important priority for decision support, but it would require specific resources and expertise, particularly in science communication, to operate effectively.

RECOMMENDATION: The National Ocean Acidification Program should create a data management office and provide it with adequate resources. Guided by experiences from previous and current large-scale research programs and the research community, the office should develop policies to ensure data and metadata quality, access, and archiving. The Program should identify appropriate data center(s) for archiving of ocean acidification data or, if existing data centers are inadequate, the Program should create its own.

RECOMMENDATION: In addition to management of research and observational data, the National Ocean Acidification Program, in establishing an Ocean Acidification Information Exchange, should provide timely research results, syntheses, and assessments that are of value to managers, policy makers, and the general public. The Program should develop a strategy and provide adequate resources for communication efforts.


Facilities and trained researchers will be needed to achieve the research priorities and observations described in this document. This may include large community resources and facilities including, for example, central facilities for high-quality carbonate chemistry measurements or technically complex experimental systems (e.g., free-ocean CO2 experiment (FOCE)-type sites, mesocosms), facilities located at sites with natural pH gradients and variability, or intercomparison studies to enable integration of data from different investigators. There are some community facilities of this scale, but they are currently quite limited. Large facilities may be required to scale up to ecosystem-level experiments, although there are scientific and economic trade-offs among the various types of facilities.

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