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References Adger, W.N. 2003. Social capital, collective action, and adaptation to climate change. Eco- nomicGeography 79(4): 387404. Adger, W.N., I. Lorenzoni, and K.L. O'Brien (Eds). 2009. Adaptingtoclimatechangethresholds, alues,goernance. Cambridge University Press. Accornero, A., C. Manno, K.R. Arrigo, A. Martini and S. Tucci. 2003. The vertical flux of particulate matter in the polynya of Terra Nova Bay: Part I: Chemical constituents. AntarcticScience 15: 119132. AlHorani, F.A., S.M. AlMoghrabi, and D. de Beer. 2003. The mechanism of calcification and its relation to photosynthesis and respiration in the scleractinian coral Galaxea fascicularis. MarineBiology 142: 419426. Albright, R., B. Mason, and C. Langdon. 2008. Effect of aragonite saturation state on settle ment and postsettlement growth of Poritesastreoides larvae. CoralReefs 27: 485490. AlvarezFilip, L., N.K. Dulvy, J.A. Gill, I.M. Ct, and A.R. Watkinson. 2009. Flattening of Caribbean coral reefs: Regionwide declines in architectural complexity. Proceedings oftheRoyalSocietyB:BiologicalSciences 276: 30193025. published online before print June 10, 2009. [doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.0339] Andersen, T., J. Carstensen, E. HernandezGarcia, and C.M. Duarte. 2009. Ecological thresh olds and regime shifts: Approaches to identification. TrendsinEcologyandEolution 24: 4957. Andersson, A.J., I.B. Kuffner, F.T. Mackenzie, P.L. Jokiel, K.S. Rodgers, and A. Tan. 2009. Net loss of CaCO3 from a subtropical calcifying community due to seawater acidification: mesocosmscale experimental evidence. Biogeosciences 6: 18111823. Andersson, A.J., F.T. Mackenzie, and L.M. Ver. 2003. Solution of shallowwater carbonates: An insignificant buffer against rising atmospheric CO2. Geology 31(6): 513516. Andersson, A.J., N.R. Bates, and F.T. Mackenzie. 2007. Dissolution of carbonate sediments under rising pCO2 and ocean acidification: Observations from Devil's Hole, Bermuda. AquaticGeochemistry 13(3): 237264.

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Appendixes

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