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References Alexander, K., and Entwisle, D. (1996). Schools and children at risk. In A. Booth and J. Dunn (Eds.), Family and School Links: How Do They Affect Educational Outcomes? Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Artiles, A.J., and Ortiz, A. (2002). English Language Learners with Special Education Needs. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics. Available: http://www.cal.org/ resources/pubs/specialed.html [accessed May 2010]. August, D., and Shanahan, T. (2006). Developing Literacy in Second-Language Learners: Report of the National Literacy Panel on Language-Minority Children and Youth . Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Barnett, W.S., and Yarosz, D.J. (2007). Who Goes to Preschool and Why Does It Matter? Preschool Policy Matters, Issue 15. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research. Barnett, W.S., Yarosz, D.J., Thomas, J., Jung, K., and Blanco, D. (2007). Two­way and mono­ lingual English immersion in preschool education: An experimental comparison. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, (3), 277­293. Barnett, W.S., Kwanghee, J., Yarosz, D., Thomas, J., Hornbeck, A., Stechuk, R., and Burns, M.S. (2008). Educational effects of the Tools of the Mind curriculum: A randomized trial. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, (3), 299­313. Batalova, J., Fix, M., and Murray, J. (2007). Measures of Change: The Demography and Literacy of Adolescent English Language Learners: A Report to the Carnegie Corporation of New York. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute. Bayley, R. (2009). Explicit Formal Instruction in Oral Language: English-Language Learners. Paper prepared for the Workshop on the Role of Language in School Learning: Implications for Closing the Achievement Gap, October 15­16, Hewlett Foundation, Menlo Park, CA. Available: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/cfe/Paper_Robert_Bayley.pdf [accessed May 2010]. Bialystok, E., Craik, F.I.M., Grady, C., Chau, W., Ishii, R., Gunji, A., and Pantev, C. (2005). Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: Evidence from MEG. NeuroImage, , 40­49. 

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