The underlying determinants of health and their relative power may differ by sex and gender, and tailored interventions might be more effective than generic treatments. As discussed in Chapter 2, few studies have tested ways to modify behavioral determinants in women, and even less research has been conducted on the effects of social and community factors in specific groups of women.

IS WOMEN’S HEALTH RESEARCH FOCUSED ON THE MOST APPROPRIATE AND RELEVANT HEALTH CONDITIONS?

The committee discussed the research of a number of conditions as examples of conditions that greatly affect women. It categorized those conditions as having major, some, or little progress (see Table S-1).

Conditions on Which Research Has Contributed to Major Progress

The committee identified breast cancer, CVD, and cervical cancer as the conditions on which major progress has been made.

Mortality from breast cancer has decreased in the last 20 years. Consumer demand and involvement and increased funding have spurred breast-cancer research at the molecular, cellular, and animal levels as well as clinical trials and

TABLE S-1 Conditions Discussed by Committee, Categorized by Extent of Progress

Conditions on Which Research Has Contributed to Major Progress

Breast Cancer

Cardiovascular Disease

Cervical Cancer

Conditions on Which Research Has Contributed to Some Progress

Depression

HIV/AIDS

Osteoporosis

Conditions on Which There Has Been Little Progress

Unintended Pregnancy

Maternal Morbidity and Mortality

Autoimmune Diseases

Alcohol and Drug Addiction

Lung Cancer

Gynecological Cancers Other than Cervical Cancer

Non-Malignant Gynecological Disorders

Alzheimer’s Disease



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