• containment facilities or equipment, if hazardous biologic, physical, or chemical agents are to be used

  • barrier facilities for housing of SPF rodents, especially valuable genetically modified animals, or irreplaceable animal models

  • receiving and storage areas for food, bedding, pharmaceuticals, biologics, and supplies

  • space for washing and sterilizing equipment and supplies and, depending on the volume of work, machines for washing cages, bottles, glassware, racks, and waste cans; a utility sink; a sterilizer for equipment, food, and bedding; and separate areas for holding soiled and clean equipment

  • space for storing wastes before incineration or removal

  • space for cold storage or disposal of carcasses

  • space for administrative and supervisory personnel, including space for staff training and education

  • showers, sinks, lockers, toilets, and break areas for personnel

  • security features, such as card-key systems, electronic surveillance, and alarms

  • areas for maintenance and repair of specialized animal housing systems and equipment.



Corridors should be wide enough to facilitate the movement of personnel and equipment; a width of 6 to 8 feet can accommodate the needs of most facilities. Floor-wall junctions should be designed to facilitate cleaning. Protective rails or bumpers are recommended and, if provided, should be sealed or manufactured to prevent vermin access. In corridors leading to dog or swine housing facilities, cage-washing facilities, and other high-noise areas, double-door entry vestibules or other noise traps should be considered. Similar entries are advisable for areas leading to nonhuman primate housing as a means to reduce the potential for escape. Double-door entry vestibules also permit air locks in these and other areas where directional airflow is critical for containment or protection. Wherever possible, water lines, drainpipes, reheat coils and valves, electric service connections, and other utilities should be accessible via interstitial space or through access panels or chases in corridors outside the animal rooms. Fire alarms, fire extinguishers, and telephones should be recessed, installed high enough, or shielded by protective guards to prevent damage from the movement of large equipment.

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