APPENDIX A
Additional Selected References

SUBJECT MATTER

USE OF LABORATORY ANIMALS

Alternatives

Ethics and Welfare

Experimental Design and Statistics

Research and Testing Methodology


PROGRAM MANAGEMENT

General References

Laws, Regulations, and Policies

Education

Monitoring the Care and Use of Animals

Occupational Health and Safety


ENVIRONMENT, HOUSING, AND MANAGEMENT

General References

Environmental Enrichment

Genetics and Genetically Modified Animals

Species-Specific References—Environment, Housing, and Management

Agricultural Animals

Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish

Birds

Cats and Dogs

Exotic, Wild, and Zoo Animals



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appendix A Additional Selected References SUbJECT MATTER USE OF LABORATORY ANIMALS Alternatives Ethics and Welfare Experimental Design and Statistics Research and Testing Methodology PROGRAM MANAGEMENT General References Laws, Regulations, and Policies Education Monitoring the Care and Use of Animals Occupational Health and Safety ENVIRONMENT, HOUSING, AND MANAGEMENT General References Environmental Enrichment Genetics and Genetically Modified Animals Species-Specific References—Environment, Housing, and Management Agricultural Animals Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish Birds Cats and Dogs Exotic, Wild, and Zoo Animals 161

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162 GUIdE FOR ThE CARE ANd USE OF LAbORATORy ANIMALS Nonhuman Primates Rodents and Rabbits Other Animals VETERINARY CARE Transportation Anesthesia, Pain, and Surgery Disease Surveillance, Diagnosis, and Treatment Pathology, Clinical Pathology, and Parasitology Species-Specific References—Veterinary Care Agricultural Animals Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish Birds Cats and Dogs Exotic, Wild, and Zoo Animals Nonhuman Primates Rodents and Rabbits DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF ANIMAL FACILITIES USE OF LAbORATORy ANIMALS Alternatives Alternative Methods for Toxicity Testing: Regulatory Policy Issues. EPA 230/12 85 029. NTIS PB8 6 113404/AS. Washington: Office of Policy, Planning, and Evaluation, US Environ- mental Protection Agency. Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education. 1986. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA BA 273). Washington: Government Printing Office. Alternatives to Current Uses of Animals in Research, Safety Testing, and Education. 1986. Stephens ML. Washington: Humane Society of the United States. Alternatives to Pain in Experiments on Animals. 1980. Pratt D. New York: Argus Archives. Alternative Toxicological Methods. 2003. Salem H, Katz S. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. Animals and Alternatives in Testing: History, Science, and Ethics. 1994. Zurlo J, Rudacille D, Goldberg AM. New York: Mary Ann Liebert Publishers. Future improvements: Replacement in vitro methods. 2002. Balls M. ILAR J 43(Suppl): S69-S73. ICCVAM Recommendations on In Vitro Methods for Assessing Acute Systemic Toxicity. 2001. Available at http://iccvam.niehs.nih.gov/docs/acutetox_docs/finalrpt//finappi2.pdf; ac- cessed January 24, 2010. Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare. 2002. ILAR J 43(Supplement). Implementation of the 3Rs (refinement, reduction, and replacement): Validation and regu- latory acceptance considerations for alternative toxicological test methods. 2002. Schechtman L. ILAR J 43:S85-S94. Incorporating the 3Rs into regulatory scientific practices. 2002. Sterling S, Rispin A. ILAR J 43:S18-S20.

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163 APPENdIX A: AddITIONAL SELECTEd REFERENCES Refinement, reduction, and replacement of animal use for regulatory testing: Future im- provements and implementation within the regulatory framework. 2002. Richmond J. ILAR J 43:S63-S68. The Role of the Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM) in the Evaluation of New Toxicological Testing Methods. 2000. Stokes WS, Hill RN. In: Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, Bologna, Italy, 1999. New York: Elsevier. Ethics and Welfare An additional “R”: Remembering the animals. 2002. Iliff SA. ILAR J 43:38-47. Animal Liberation, 2nd ed. 1990. Singer P. New York: New York Review Book (distributed by Random House). Animal Rights and Human Obligations, 2nd ed. 1989. Regan T, Singer P. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall. Animal Welfare: Competing Conceptions and Their Ethical Implications. 2008. Haynes RP. New York: Springer. Animals and Why They Matter. 1983. Midgley M. Athens: University of Georgia Press. Applied Ethics in Animal Research: Philosophy, Regulation, and Laboratory Applications. 2002. Gluck JP, DiPasquale T, Orlans FB. West Lafayette IN: Purdue University Press. Bioethics in Laboratory Animal Research. 1999. ILAR J 40(1). Bioethics, animal research, and ethical theory. 1999. Russow L-M. ILAR J 40:15-21. How and why animals matter. 1999. Donnelley S. ILAR J 40:22-28. Roots of concern with nonhuman animals in biomedical ethics. 1999. Sideris L, McCarthy CR, Smith DH. ILAR J 40:3-14. Challenges in assessing fish welfare. 2009. Volpato GL. ILAR J 50:329-337. Cost of Caring: Recognizing Human Emotions in the Care of Laboratory Animals. 2001. Mem- phis: American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. Ethical aspects of relationships between humans and research animals. 2002. Herzog H. ILAR J 43:27-32. Ethical implications of the human-animal bond in the laboratory. 2002. Russow L-M. ILAR J 43:33-37. Ethical scores for animal procedures. 1992. Porter D. Nature 356:101-102. Ethics and pain research in animals. 1999. Tannenbaum J. ILAR J 40:97-110. Fish and welfare: Do fish have the capacity for pain perception and suffering? 2004. Braith- waite VA, Huntingford FA. Anim Welf 13:S87-S92. Guidance notes on retrospective review: A discussion document prepared by the LASA Ethics and Training Group. 2004. Jennings M, Howard B. Tamworth UK: Laboratory Animal Science Association. Guidelines for the ethical use of animals in applied ethology studies. 2003. Sherwin CM, Christiansen SB, Duncan IJ, Erhard HW, Lay DC Jr, Mench JA, O’Connor CE, Petherick JC. Appl Anim Behav Sci 81:291-305. Guidelines to Promote the Well-being of Animals Used for Scientific Purposes: The Assess- ment and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Research Animals. 2008. National Health and Medical Research Council, Australian Government. Available at www.nhmrc.gov. au/_files_nhmrc/file/publications/synopses/ea18.pdf; accessed January 24, 2010. In the Name of Science: Issues in Responsible Animal Experimentation. 1993. Orlans FB. New York: Oxford University Press. International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals. 1985. Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS). Available at http://www.cioms. ch/publications/guidelines/1985_texts_of_guidelines.htm; accessed October 2, 2010.

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164 GUIdE FOR ThE CARE ANd USE OF LAbORATORy ANIMALS Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things. 1997. Warren MA. Gloucester- shire: Clarendon Press. Of Mice, Models, and Men: A Critical Evaluation of Animal Research. 1984. Rowan AN. Al- bany: State University of New York Press. Painful dilemmas: The ethics of animal-based pain research. 2009. Magalhaes-Sant’Ana M, Sandoe P, Olsson IAS. Anim Welf 18:49-63 Principles and guidelines for the development of a science-based decision making process facilitating the implementation of the 3Rs by governmental regulators. 2002. Gauthier C. ILAR J 43:S99-S104. Principles and practice in ethical review of animal experiments across Europe: Summary of the report of the FELASA Working Group on Ethical Evaluation of Animal Experiments. 2007. Smith JA, van den Broek FAR, Canto Martorell J, Hackbarth H, Ruksenas O, Zeller W. Lab Anim 41:143-160. Recognition and Alleviation of Distress in Laboratory Animals. 2008. National Research Coun- cil. Washington: National Academies Press. Refinement of the use of non-human primates in scientific research, part I: The influence of humans. 2006. Rennie AE, Buchanan-Smith HM. Anim Welf 15:203-213. Review of Cost-benefit Assessment in the Use of Animals in Research. 2003. Animal Proce- dures Committee. London. Available at http://apc.homeoffice.gov.uk/reference/costben- efit.pdf; accessed January 24, 2010. Science, Medicine, and Animals. 2004. National Research Council. Washington: National Academies Press. Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status. 1996. DeGrazia D. New York: Cam- bridge University Press. The Assessment and “Weighing” of Costs. 1991. In: Smith JA, Boyd K, eds. Lives in the Balance: The Ethics of Using Animals in Biomedical Research. London: Oxford University Press. The Ethics of Research Involving Animals. 2005. London: Nuffield Council on Bioethics. The Experimental Animal in Biomedical Research, vol I: A Survey of Scientific and Ethical Is- sues for Investigators. 1990. Rollin BE, Kesel ML, eds. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. The Frankenstein Syndrome: Ethical and Social Issues in the Genetic Engineering of Animals. 1995. Rollin BE. New York: Cambridge University Press. The regulation of animal research and the emergence of animal ethics: A conceptual history. 2006. Rollin BE. Theor Med Bioeth 27:285-304. The Three Rs: A journey or a destination? 2000. Richmond J. ATLA 28:761-773. Experimental Design and Statistics Animal welfare and the statistical consultant. 1993. Engeman RM, Shumake SA. Am Statisti- cian 47:229-233. Appropriate animal numbers in biomedical research in light of animal welfare considerations. 1991. Mann MD, Crouse DA, Prentice ED. Lab Anim Sci 41:6-14. Common errors in the statistical analysis of experimental data. 2002. Festing MFW. In: Balls M, van Zeller A-M, Halder ME, eds. Progress in the Reduction, Refinement and Replacement of Animal Experimentation: Developments in Animal and Veterinary Science. Amsterdam: Elsevier. p 753-758. Experimental Design and Statistics in Biomedical Research. 2002. ILAR J 43(4). Control of variability. 2002. Howard BR. ILAR J 43:194-201. Guidelines for the design and statistical analysis of experiments using laboratory animals. 2002. Festing MFW, Altman DG. ILAR J 43:244-258. Practical aspects to experimental design in animal research. 2002. Johnson PD, Besselsen DG. ILAR J 43:202-206.

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165 APPENdIX A: AddITIONAL SELECTEd REFERENCES Role of ancillary variables in the design, analysis, and interpretation of animal experi- ments. 2002. Gaines Das R. ILAR J 43:214-222. Sample size determination. 2002. Dell RB, Holleran S, Ramakrishnan R. ILAR J 43:207-213. Use of factorial designs to optimize animal experiments and reduce animal use. 2002. Shaw R, Festing MFW, Peers I, Furlong L. ILAR J 43:223-232. Primer of Biostatistics, 6th ed. 2005. Glantz SA. New York: McGraw-Hill. Sample size determination (Appendix A). 2003. National Research Council. In: Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research. Washington: National Academies Press. p 175-180. Statistical Methods, 8th ed. 1989. Snedecor GW, Cochran WG. Ames: Iowa State Press. The Design and Analysis of Long-Term Animal Experiments. 1986. Gart JJ, Krewski D, Lee PN, Tarone RE, Wahrendorf J. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer. The Design of Animal Experiments: Reducing the Use of Animals in Research Through Better Experimental Design. 2002. Festing MFW, Overend P, Gaines Das R, Cortina Borja M, Berdoy M. London: Royal Society of Medicine Press. What is it like to be a rat? Rat sensory perception and its implications for experimental design and rat welfare. 2008. Burn CC. Appl Anim Behav Sci 112:1-32. Research and Testing Methodology Adjuvants and Antibody Production. 1995. ILAR J 37(3). Advanced Physiological Monitoring in Rodents. 2002. ILAR J 43(3). Mechanical ventilation for imaging the small animal. Hedlund LW, Johnson GA. 2002. ILAR J 43:159-174. Miniaturization: An overview of biotechnologies for monitoring the physiology and pathophysiology of rodent animal models. 2002. Goode TL, Klein HJ. ILAR J 43:136-146. Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, 8th ed. 2007. Klaassen CD. New York: McGraw-Hill. Categorising the Severity of Scientific Procedures on Animals: Summary and Reports from Three Roundtable Discussions. 2004. Smith JA, Jennings M, eds. West Sussex UK: RSPCA, Research Animals Department. Available at www.boyd-group.demon.co.uk/severity_re- port.pdf; accessed January 24, 2010. Clinical considerations in rodent bioimaging. 2004. Colby LA, Morenko BJ. Comp Med 54:623-630. Effects of Freund’s complete adjuvant on the physiology, histology, and activity of New Zealand white rabbits. 2004. Halliday LC, Artwohl JE, Bunte RM, Ramakrishnan V, Bennett BT. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 43:8-13. Ethological research techniques and methods. 1998. Novak MA, West M, Bayne KL, Suomi SJ. In: Hart L, ed. Responsible Conduct of Research in Animal Behavior. New York: Oxford University Press. p 51-66. Genetic Engineering and Animal Welfare: Preparing for the 21st Century. 1999. Gonder JC, Prentice ED, Russow L-M, eds. Greenbelt MD: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare. Guidance for Industry and Other Stakeholders: Toxicological Principles for the Safety As- sessment of Food Ingredients, Redbook 2000 (rev 2007). FDA. Available at www.fda. gov/Food/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/GuidanceDocuments/FoodIngre- dientsandPackaging/Redbook/default.htm; accessed May 15, 2010. Humane Endpoints for Animals Used in Biomedical Research and Testing. 2000. ILAR J 41(2).

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16 APPENdIX A: AddITIONAL SELECTEd REFERENCES Future improvements and implementation of animal care practices within the animal test- ing regulatory environment. 2002. Guittin P, Decelle T. ILAR J 43:S80-S84. Incorporating the 3Rs into regulatory scientific practices. 2002. Sterling S, Rispin A. ILAR J 43:S18-S20. Possibilities for refinement and reduction: Future improvements within regulatory testing. 2002. Stephens ML, Conlee K, Alvino G, Rowan A. ILAR J 43:S74-S79. Preclinical safety evaluation using nonrodent species: An industry/welfare project to mini- mize dog use. 2002. Smith D, Broadhead C, Descotes G, Fosse R, Hack R, Krauser K, Pfister R, Phillips B, Rabemampianina Y, Sanders J, Sparrow S, Stephan-Gueldnew M, Jacobsen SD. ILAR J 43:S39-S42. Refinement, reduction, and replacement of animal use for regulatory testing: Future im- provements and implementation within the regulatory framework. 2002. Richmond J. ILAR J 43:S63-S68. The International Symposium on Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare: Recommenda- tions on best scientific practices for acute local skin and eye toxicity testing. 2002. Botham PA, Hayes AW, Moir D. ILAR J 43:S105-S107. The International Symposium on Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare: Recommenda- tions on best scientific practices for acute systemic toxicity testing. 2002. Stitzel K, Spielmann H, Griffin G. ILAR J 43:S108-S111. The International Symposium on Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare: Recommenda- tions on best scientific practices for animal care in regulatory toxicology. 2002. Morris T, Goulet S, Morton D. ILAR J 43:S123-S125. The International Symposium on Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare: Recommenda- tions on best scientific practices for biologicals: Safety and potency evaluations. 2002. Cussler K, Kulpa J, Calver J. ILAR J 43:S126-S128. The International Symposium on Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare: Recommendations on best scientific practices for subchronic/chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity testing. 2002. Combes R, Schechtman L, Stokes WS, Blakey D. ILAR J 43:S112-S117. The safety assessment process: Setting the scene—An FDA perspective. 2002. Schecht- man L. ILAR J 43:S5-S10. Tiered testing strategies: Acute local toxicity. 2002. Stitzel K. ILAR J 43:S21-S26. The use of laboratory animals in toxicologic research. 2001. White WJ. In: Hays AW, ed. Prin- ciples and Methods in Toxicology. Philadelphia: Taylor and Francis. p 773-818. The use of radiotelemetry in small laboratory animals: Recent advances. 2001. Kramer K, Kinter L, Brockway BP, Voss HP, Remie R, VanZutphen BL. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 40:8-16. PROGRAM MANAGEMENT General References Cost Analysis and Rate Setting Manual for Animal Resource Facilities. 2000. National Center for Research Resources. Available at www.ncrr.nih.gov/publications/comparative_medi- cine/CARS.pdf; accessed January 24, 2010. Disaster Planning and Management. 2010. ILAR J 51(2). Crisis planning to manage risks posed by animal rights extremists. 2010. Bailey MR, Rich BA, Bennett BT. ILAR J 51:138-148. Disaster preparedness in biocontainment animal research facilities: Developing and implementing an incident response plan (IRP). 2010. Swearengen JR, Vargas KJ, Tate MK, Linde NS. ILAR J 51:120-126.

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11 APPENdIX A: AddITIONAL SELECTEd REFERENCES Animal-associated human infections. 1991. Weinberg AN, Weber DJ. Infect Dis Clin North America 5:1-181. Animal experimentation in level 4 facilities. 2002. Abraham G, Muschilli J, Middleton D. In: Richmond JY, ed. Anthology of Biosafety: BSL-4 Laboratories. Mundelein IL: American Biological Safety Association. p 343-359. Animal necropsy in maximum containment. 2002. Wilhelmson CL, Jaax NK, Davis K. In: Richmond JY, ed. Anthology of Biosafety: BSL-4 Laboratories. Mundelein IL: American Biological Safety Association. p 361-402. Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC) Inter- national. Position Statement on Cercopithecine herpesirus 1, CHV-1 (Herpesvirus-B). Available at www.aaalac.org/accreditation/positionstatements.cfm; accessed January 24, 2010. Billions for biodefense: Federal agency biodefense funding, FY2001-FY2005. 2004. Schuler A. Biosecur Bioterror 2:86-96. Biohazards and Zoonotic Problems of Primate Procurement, Quarantine and Research. 1975. Simmons ML, ed. Cancer Research Safety Monograph Series, vol 2. DHEW Pub. No. (NIH) 76-890. Washington: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Biological Safety Principles and Practices. 2000. Fleming DO, Hunt DL, eds. Washington: ASM Press. Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories, 5th ed. 2009. Chosewood CL, Wilson DE, eds. DHHS [Department of Health and Human Services]. Washington: Gov- ernment Printing Office. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/biosafety/publications/bmbl5/ index.htm; accessed July 30, 2010. Biosafety in the Laboratory: Prudent Practices for Handling and Disposal of Infectious Materi- als. 1989. National Research Council. Washington: National Academy Press. Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism. 2004. NRC. Washington: National Academies Press. Code of Federal Regulations. 1984. Title 40; Part 260, Hazardous Waste Management System: General; Part 261, Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste; Part 262, Standards Applicable to Generators of Hazardous Waste; Part 263, Standards Applicable to Trans- porters of Hazardous Waste; Part 264, Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities; Part 265, Interim Status Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities; and Part 270, EPA-Administered Permit Programs: The Hazardous Waste Permit Program. Washington: Office of the Federal Register. (Part 260 updated April 1994; 261 and 270 updated August 1994; 264 and 265 updated June 1994; 262 and 263 updated 1993) Evaluation of individually ventilated cage systems for laboratory rodents: Occupational health aspects. 2001. Renstrom A, Bjoring G, Hoglund AU. Lab Anim 35:42-50. Industrial Biocides. 1988. Payne KR, ed. New York: Wiley. Infectious Disease Research in the Age of Biodefense. ILAR J 46(1). Issues related to the use of animals in biocontainment research facilities. Copps J. 2005. ILAR J 46:34-43. Select agent regulations. Gonder JC. 2005. ILAR J 46:4-7. Laboratory safety for arboviruses and certain other viruses of vertebrates. 1980. Subcommittee on Arbovirus Safety, American Committee on Arthropod-Borne Viruses. Am J Trop Med Hyg 29:1359-1381. Mechanism and epidemiology of laboratory animal allergy. 2001. Bush RD. ILAR J 42:4-11. National Cancer Institute Safety Standards for Research Involving Oncogenic Viruses. 1974. NIH. DHEW Pub. No. (NIH) 78-790. Washington: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

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188 GUIdE FOR ThE CARE ANd USE OF LAbORATORy ANIMALS The prairie vole: An animal model for behavioral neuroendocrine research on pair bond- ing. 2004. Aragona BJ, Wang ZX. ILAR J 45:35-45. Rearing of Octopus ulgaris paralarvae: Present status, bottlenecks and trends. 2007. Iglesias J, Sánchez FJ, Bersano JGF, Carrasco JF, Dhont J, Fuentes L, Linares F, Muñoz JL, Okumura S, Roo J, van der Meeren T, Vidal EAG, Villanueva R. Aquaculture 266:1-15. The Care and Management of Cephalopods in the Laboratory. 1991. Boyle PR. Herts UK: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. The laboratory opossum (Monodelphis domestica) in laboratory research. 1997. VandeBerg JL, Robinson ES. ILAR J 38:4-12. The Marine Aquarium Reference: Systems and Invertebrates. 1989. Moe MA. Plantation FL: Green Turtle Publications. The Principal Diseases of Lower Vertebrates. 1965. Reichenbach Klinke H, Elkan E. New York: Academic Press. Xiphophorus interspecies hybrids as genetic models of induced neoplasia. Walter RB, Kazianis S. 2001. ILAR J 42:299-304, 309-321. VETERINARy CARE Transportation Acclimatization of rats after ground transportation to a new animal facility. 2007. Capdevila S, Giral M, Ruiz de la Torre JL, Russell RJ, Kramer K. Lab Anim 41:255-261. Effects of air transportation cause physiological and biochemical changes indicative of stress leading to regulation of chaperone expression levels and corticosterone concentration. 2009. Shim S, Lee S, Kim C, Kim B, Jee S, Lee S, Sin J, Bae C, Woo JM, Cho J, Lee E, Choi H, Kim H, Lee J, Jung Y, Cho B, Chae K, Hwang D. Exp Anim 58:11-17. Establishing an appropriate period of acclimatization following transportation of laboratory animals. 2006. Obernier JA, Baldwin RL. ILAR J 47:364-369. Guidance on the transport of laboratory animals. 2005. Swallow J, Anderson D, Buckwell AC, Harris T, Hawkins P, Kirkwood J, Lomas M, Meacham S, Peters A, Prescott M, Owen S, Quest R, Sutcliffe R. Thompson K. Report of the Transport Working Group, established by the Laboratory Animal Science Association (LASA). Lab Anim 39:1-39. Reduced behavioral response to gonadal hormones in mice shipped during the peripubertal/ adolescent period. 2009. Laroche J, Gasbarro L, Herman JP, Blaustein JD. Endocrinology 150:2351-2358. The use of radiotelemetry to assess the time needed to acclimatize guineapigs following several hours of ground transport. 2009. Stemkens-Sevens S, van Berkel K, de Greeuw I, Snoeijer B, Kramer K. Lab Anim 43:78-84. Transportation of laboratory animals. 2010. White WJ, Chou ST, Kole CB, Sutcliffe R. UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory and Other Research Animals, 8th ed. Hertfordshire: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. p 169-182. Anesthesia, Pain, and Surgery Anaesthesia in ferrets, rabbits, and guinea pigs. 1998. Alderton B. In: Bryden D, ed. Internal Medicine: Small Companion Animals. The TG Hungerford course for veterinarians, Pro- ceedings 306, Stephen Roberts Lecture Theatre, University of Sydney, Australia, June 15- 19. University of Sydney Post Graduate Foundation in Veterinary Science. p 241-268.

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18 APPENdIX A: AddITIONAL SELECTEd REFERENCES Anesthesia and analgesia. 1997. Schaeffer D. In: Kohn DF, ed. Nontraditional Laboratory Ani- Ani- mal Species in Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals. San Diego: Academic Press. Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals. 1997. Kohn DF, Wixson SK, White WJ, Ben- son GJ, eds. San Diego: Academic Press. Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals, 2nd ed. 2008. Fish R, Danneman PJ, Brown M, Karas A, eds. 2008. San Diego: Academic Press. Anesthesia for Veterinary Technicians. 2010. Bryant S, ed. Somerset NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Anaesthetic and Sedative Techniques for Aquatic Animals, 3rd ed. 2008. Ross L, Ross B. Som- erset NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Animal Physiologic Surgery, 2nd ed. 1982. Lang CM, ed. New York: Springer-Verlag. AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia. 2007. Schaumburg IL: American Veterinary Medical Association. Challenges of pain assessment in domestic animals. 2002. Anil SS, Anil L, Deen J. JAVMA 220:313-319. Definition of Pain and Distress and Reporting Requirements for Laboratory Animals. 2000. National Research Council. Washington: National Academy Press. Handbook of Veterinary Anesthesia, 4th ed. 2007. Muir WW III, Hubbell JAE. Maryland Heights MO: Mosby. Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management. 2002. Gaynor JS, Muir W. St. Louis: Mosby. Laboratory animal analgesia, anesthesia, and euthanasia. 2003. Hedenqvist P, Hellebrekers LJ. In: Hau J, Van Hoosier GL, eds. Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science: Essential Principles and Practices, 2nd ed. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. Laboratory Animal Anesthesia, 3rd ed. 2009. Flecknell PA. London: Academic Press. Lumb and Jones’ Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia, 4th ed. 2007. Tranquilli WJ, Thurman JC, Grimm KA, eds. San Francisco: Wiley-Blackwell. Pain alleviation in laboratory animals: Methods commonly used for perioperative pain relief. 2002. Vainio O, Hellsten C, Voipio HM. Scand J Lab Anim Sci 29:1-21. Pain and distress. 2006. Karas A, Silverman J. In: Suckow M, Silverman J, Murthy S, eds. The IACUC Handbook. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. Pain Management in Animals. 2000. Flecknell PA, Waterman-Pearson A, eds. Philadelphia: WB Saunders. Paralytic agents. 1997. Hildebrand SV. In: Kohn DF, Wixson SK, White WJ, Benson GJ, eds. Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals. San Diego: Academic Press. Position Statement on Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals. 2000. AALAS. Available at www.aalas.org/pdf/Recognition_and_Alleviation_of_Pain_ and_Distress_in_Laboratory_Animals.pdf; accessed January 24, 2010. Recognition and Alleviation of Pain in Laboratory Animals. 2009. National Research Council. Washington: National Academies Press. Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals. 2000. Carstens E, Moberg GP. ILAR J 41:62-71. Recommendations for euthanasia of experimental animals. 1996. Close B, Baniste K, Baumans V, Bernoth EM, Bromage N, Bunyan J, Erhardt W, Flecknell P, Gregory N, Hackbarth H, Morton D, Warwick C. Lab Anim 30:293-316. Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2008. Carroll GL. Ames IA: Blackwell Publishing. Small Animal Surgery Textbook, 3rd ed. 2007. Fossum T. Maryland Heights MO: Mosby. Small Animal Surgical Nursing, 2nd ed. 1994. Mosby’s Fundamentals of Animal Health Tech- nology. Tracy DL, ed. St. Louis: Mosby. Surgery: Basic principles and procedures. 2003. Waynforth HB, Swindle MM, Elliott H, Smith AC. In: Hau J, Van Hoosier GL, eds. Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science: Essential Principles and Practices, 2nd ed, vol 1. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. p 487-520.

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10 GUIdE FOR ThE CARE ANd USE OF LAbORATORy ANIMALS Textbook of Small Animal Surgery, 3rd ed. 2003. Slatter D. Philadelphia: WB Saunders. The Biology of Animal Stress: Basic Principles and Implications for Animal Welfare. 2000. Moberg GP, Mench JA. Wallingford UK: CAB International. The IACUC Handbook. 2006. Flecknell P, Silverman J, Suckow MA, Murthy S, eds. New York: CRC Press. The importance of awareness for understanding fetal pain. 2005. Mellor DJ, Diesch TJ, Gunn AJ, Bennet L. Brain Res Rev 49:455-471. When does stress become distress? 1999. Moberg GP. Lab Anim 28:422-426. Disease Surveillance, Diagnosis, and Treatment Clinical Laboratory Animal Medicine. 2008. Hrapkiewicz K, Medina L, eds. San Francisco: Wiley-Blackwell. Current strategies for controlling/eliminating opportunistic microorganisms. 1998. White WJ, Anderson LC, Geistfeld J, Martin D. ILAR J 39:391-305. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. 1989. Borchard RE, Barnes CD, Eltherington LG. West Caldwell NJ: Telford Press. FELASA recommendations for the health monitoring of breeding colonies and experimental units of cats, dogs and pigs. 1998. Rehbinder C, Baneux P, Forbes D, van Herck H, Nick- las W, Rugaya Z, Winkler G. Report of the Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations (FELASA) Working Group on Animal Health. Lab Anim 32:1-17. Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 1997. Hillyer EV, Quesenberry KE. Philadelphia: WB Saunders. Handbook of Veterinary Drugs: A Compendium for Research and Clinical Use. 1975. Rossoff IS. New York: Springer. Invertebrate Medicine. 2006. Lewbart GA. Ames: Blackwell Publishing. Kirk and Bistner’s Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment, 8th ed. 2006. Ford RB, Mazzaferro E. Philadelphia: WB Saunders. Laboratory Animal Medicine. 2002. Fox JG, Anderson LC, Loew FM, Quimby FW, eds. New York: Academic Press. Mosby’s Fundamentals of Animal Health Technology: Principles of Pharmacology. 1983. Giovanni R, Warren RG, eds. St. Louis: CV Mosby. Veterinary Applied Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 5th ed. 1991. Brander GC, Pugh DM, Bywater RJ. London: Bailliere Tindall. Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 6th rev. ed. 1988. Booth NH, McDonald LE. Ames: Iowa State University Press. Pathology, Clinical Pathology, and Parasitology An Atlas of Laboratory Animal Haematology. 1981. Sanderson JH, Phillips CE. Oxford: Clar- endon Press. An Introduction to Comparative Pathology: A Consideration of Some Reactions of Human and Animal Tissues to Injurious Agents. 1962. Gresham GA, Jennings AR. New York: Academic Press. Animal Clinical Chemistry: A Practical Guide for Toxicologists and Biomedical Researchers, 2nd ed. 2009. Evans GO, ed. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. Animal Hematotoxicology: A Practical Guide for Toxicologists and Biomedical Researchers. 2009. Evans GO. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. Atlas of Experimental Toxicological Pathology. 1987. Gopinath C, Prentice DE, Lewis DJ. Boston: MTP Press.

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11 APPENdIX A: AddITIONAL SELECTEd REFERENCES Blood: Atlas and Sourcebook of Hematology, 2nd ed. 1991. Kapff CT, Jandl JH. 1991. Boston: Little and Brown. Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals, 4th ed. 1989. Kaneko JJ, ed. New York: Academic Press. Clinical Chemistry of Laboratory Animals. 1988. Loeb WF, Quimby FW. New York: Pergamon Press. Color Atlas of Comparative Veterinary Hematology. 1989. Hawkey CM, Dennett TB. Ames: Iowa State University Press. Color Atlas of Hematological Cytology, 3rd ed. 1992. Hayhoe GFJ, Flemans RJ. St. Louis: Mosby Year Book. Comparative Neuropathology. 1962. Innes JRM, Saunders LZ, eds. New York: Academic Press. Duncan and Prasse’s Veterinary Laboratory Clinical Pathology. 2003. Latimer KS, Mahaffey EA, Prasse KW. San Francisco: Wiley-Blackwell. Essentials of Veterinary Hematology. 1993. Jain NC. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger. Flynn’s Parasites of Laboratory Animals, 2nd ed. 2007. Baker DG, ed. Ames: Iowa State Uni- versity Press. Handbook of Laboratory Animal Bacteriology. 2000. Hanson AK. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. Immunologic Defects in Laboratory Animals. 1981. Gershwin ME, Merchant B, eds. New York: Plenum. Laboratory Profiles of Small Animal Diseases. 1981. Sodikoff C. Santa Barbara: American Veterinary Publications. Natural Pathogens of Laboratory Animals: Their Effects on Research. 2003. Baker DG. Wash- ington: American Society for Microbiology. Pathology of Domestic Animals, 4th ed. 1992. Jubb KVF, Kennedy PC, Palmer N, eds. 1992. New York: Academic Press. Pathology of Laboratory Animals. 1978. Benirschke K, Garner FM, Jones TC. 1978. New York: Springer-Verlag. The Pathology of Laboratory Animals. 1965. Ribelin WE, McCoy JR, eds. Springfield IL: Charles C Thomas. Veterinary Clinical Parasitology, 6th ed. 1994. Sloss MW, Kemp RL. 1994. Ames: Iowa State University Press. Veterinary Pathology, 5th ed. 1983. Jones TC, Hunt RD. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger. Species-Specific References—Veterinary Care Agricultural Animals Basic Surgical Exercises Using Swine. 1983. Swindle MM. 1983. New York: Praeger. Diseases of Poultry, 9th ed. 1991. Calnek BW, Barnes HJ, Beard CW, Reid WM, Yoder HW, eds. Ames: Iowa State University Press. Diseases of Sheep. 1974. Jensen R. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger. Diseases of Swine, 7th ed. 1992. Leman AD, Straw BE, Mengeline WL, eds. Ames: Iowa State University Press. FELASA recommendations for the health monitoring of breeding colonies and experimental units of cats, dogs and pigs. 1998. Rehbinder C, Baneux P, Forbes D, van Herck H, Nicklas W, Rugaya Z, Winkler G. Report of the Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations (FELASA) Working Group on Animal Health. Lab Anim 32:1-17. Swine in the Laboratory: Surgery, Anesthesia, Imaging, and Experimental Techniques, 2nd ed. Swindle MM, ed. 2007. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press.

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12 GUIdE FOR ThE CARE ANd USE OF LAbORATORy ANIMALS Techniques in Large Animal Surgery, 3rd ed. 2007. Hendrickson D, ed. 2007. Somerset NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Textbook of Large Animal Surgery, 2nd ed. 1987. Oehme FW, Prier JE. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins. Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish An evaluation of current perspectives on consciousness and pain in fishes. 2004. Chandroo KP, Yue S, Moccia RD. Fish Fisher 5:281-295. Anesthesia and analgesia in reptiles. Mosley CA. 2005. Semin Avian Exot Pet Medic 14:243-262. Can fish suffer? Perspectives on sentience, pain, fear and stress. 2004. Chandroo KP, Duncan IJH, Moccia RD. App Anim Behav Sci 86:225-250. Disease Diagnosis and Control in North American Marine Aquaculture, 2nd rev ed. 1988. Sindermann CJ, Lichtner DV. New York: Elsevier. Diseases of Fishes. 1971. Bullock GL. Book 2B: Identification of Fish Pathogenic Bacteria. Neptune NJ: TFH Publications. Diseases of Fishes. 1971. Bullock GL, Conroy DA, Snieszko SF. Neptune NJ: TFH Publications. Diseases of Fishes. 1974. Anderson DP. Book 4: Fish Immunology. Neptune NJ: TFH Publications. Diseases of Fishes. 1976. Wedemeyer GA, Meyer FP, Smith L. Book 5: Environmental Stress and Fish Diseases. Neptune NJ: TFH Publications. Do fish have nociceptors? Evidence for the evolution of a vertebrate sensory system. 2003. Sneddon LU, Braithwaite VA, Gentle MJ. Proc R Soc Lond B 270:1115-1121. Evaluation of rapid cooling and tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222) as methods of euthanasia in zebrafish (danio rerio). 2009. JM Wilson, RM Bunte, AJ Carty. JAALAS 48:785-789. Evaluation of the use of anesthesia and analgesia in reptiles. 2004. Read MR. JAVMA 227:547-552. Fish and welfare: Do fish have the capacity for pain perception and suffering? 2004. Braith- waite VA, Huntingford FA. Anim Welf 13:S87-S92. Fish, amphibian, and reptile analgesia. Machin KL. 2001. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 4:19-33. Infectious Diseases and Pathology of Reptiles: Color Atlas and Text. 2007. Jacobson E. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. Medicine and Surgery of Tortoises and Turtles. 2004. McArthur S, Wilkinson R, Meyer J. San Francisco: Wiley-Blackwell. Mycobacteriosis in fishes: A review. 2009. Gauthier DT, Rhodes MW. Vet J 180:33-47. Pain and Distress in Fish. 2009. ILAR J 50(4). Fish sedation, analgesia, anesthesia, and euthanasia: Considerations, methods, and types of drugs. 2009. Neiffer DL, Stamper MA. ILAR J 50:343-360. Morphologic effects of the stress response in fish. 2009. Harper C, Wolf JC. ILAR J 50:387-396. Pain perception in fish: Indicators and endpoints. 2009. Sneddon LU. ILAR J 50:338-342. Parasites, behaviour and welfare in fish. 2007. Barber I. Appl Anim Behav Sci 104:251-264. Parasites of Freshwater Fishes: A Review of Their Treatment and Control. 1974. Hoffman GL, Meyer FP. Neptune NJ: TFH Publications. Recommendations for control of pathogens and infectious diseases in fish research facilities. 2009. Kent ML, Feist SW, Harper C, Hoogstraten-Miller S, Mac Lawe J, Sánchez-Morgado JM, Tanguay RL, Sanders GE, Spitsbergen JM, Whipps CM. Comp Biochem Physiol Part C 149:240-248.

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