Nonhuman Primates

Rodents and Rabbits

Other Animals

VETERINARY CARE

Transportation

Anesthesia, Pain, and Surgery

Disease Surveillance, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Pathology, Clinical Pathology, and Parasitology

Species-Specific References—Veterinary Care

Agricultural Animals

Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish

Birds

Cats and Dogs

Exotic, Wild, and Zoo Animals

Nonhuman Primates

Rodents and Rabbits

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF ANIMAL FACILITIES

USE OF LABORATORY ANIMALS

Alternatives

Alternative Methods for Toxicity Testing: Regulatory Policy Issues. EPA 230/12 85 029. NTIS PB8 6 113404/AS. Washington: Office of Policy, Planning, and Evaluation, US Environmental Protection Agency.

Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education. 1986. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA BA 273). Washington: Government Printing Office.

Alternatives to Current Uses of Animals in Research, Safety Testing, and Education. 1986. Stephens ML. Washington: Humane Society of the United States.

Alternatives to Pain in Experiments on Animals. 1980. Pratt D. New York: Argus Archives.

Alternative Toxicological Methods. 2003. Salem H, Katz S. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press.

Animals and Alternatives in Testing: History, Science, and Ethics. 1994. Zurlo J, Rudacille D, Goldberg AM. New York: Mary Ann Liebert Publishers.

Future improvements: Replacement in vitro methods. 2002. Balls M. ILAR J 43(Suppl): S69-S73.

ICCVAM Recommendations on In Vitro Methods for Assessing Acute Systemic Toxicity. 2001. Available at http://iccvam.niehs.nih.gov/docs/acutetox_docs/finalrpt//finappi2.pdf; accessed January 24, 2010.

Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare. 2002. ILAR J 43(Supplement).

Implementation of the 3Rs (refinement, reduction, and replacement): Validation and regulatory acceptance considerations for alternative toxicological test methods. 2002. Schechtman L. ILAR J 43:S85-S94.

Incorporating the 3Rs into regulatory scientific practices. 2002. Sterling S, Rispin A. ILAR J 43:S18-S20.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement