surgery, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119-120, 122-123, 145, 188-190

training, 17, 106, 115, 122

waste gas management, 21, 147

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), 30, 148

Animal care and use program

attending veterinarian, 14

collaborations, 15

defined, 6

disaster planning and emergency preparedness, 35

IACUC, 14-15, 24-33

institutional official, 13-14

oversight, 24-34

personnel management, 15-24

program management, 13-24

recommended reading, 167-172

regulations, policies, and principles, 12-13

responsibilities, 13-15

Animal care personnel,

(see also Personnel)

training and education, 16

Animal training (see Procedural habituation and training)

Animal Welfare Act, 1, 4, 25, 34, 199

Animal Welfare Information Center, xv, 16

Animal Welfare Regulations, 1, 12

housing guidelines, 56, 59

IACUC, 25

transportation of animals, 107

veterinary care, 30

Antibiotics, 116

Anxiolytics, 122-123

Apes (see Nonhuman primates)

Aquatic species, 2

(see also Amphibians;

Fish;

Reptiles)

algal growth, 86

behavior and social management, 84

diseases, 112

emergency, weekend, and holiday care, 87

enrichment and social housing, 82-83

environment, 77-82

facilities, 150-151

food and feeding, 84-85

housing, 82-83, 150-151

husbandry, 84-87

identification, 87

illumination, 81

life support system, 79-80

macroenvironment, 77-78, 86

management, 84-88

microenvironment, 77-78, 82-83

noise and vibration, 81-82

pest control, 87

population management, 87-88

recommended reading, 178-179, 192-193

recordkeeping, 87-88

sanitation, 85-86

sheltered, outdoor, and naturalistic housing, 83

space, 83

substrates, 85

temperature, humidity, and ventilation, 80-81

water quality, 78-79, 85

Aseptic practices, 17, 34, 52, 70, 75, 115, 116, 117, 118-119, 144

Attending veterinarian, 3, 4, 13, 14, 15, 17, 21, 24, 28, 106, 114, 116

(see also Veterinary care)

Autoclaving

bedding material, 69, 146

drinking water, 146

feed, 66, 146

surgical instruments, 119, 145

Avian species (see Birds)

B

Bacterial gill disease, 112

Barriers

access control, 151

facilities, 113, 136, 145-146

separation of housing and research/surgery areas, 134, 144

visual, 51, 53, 83

Bedding, nesting, and substrates

aquatic species, 85

autoclaving, 69, 136, 146

behavioral aspects, 52

changing, 46, 47, 52, 69, 70, 73

disposal, 19, 20

enrichment aspects, 67

environmental aspects, 43, 44, 46, 47, 49, 52, 53, 69, 71

experimental influences, 68, 69

illumination and, 49

materials, 68-69

outdoor facilities, 54

storage, 136, 141

terrestrial species, 52, 68-69



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement