Stokes WS. 2000. Reducing unrelieved pain and distress in laboratory animals using humane endpoints. ILAR J 41:59-61.

Stokes WS. 2002. Humane endpoints for laboratory animals used in regulatory testing. ILAR J 43:S31-S38.

Stricklin WR, Mench JA. 1994. Oversight of the use of agricultural animals in university teaching and research. ILAR News 36:9-14.

Stricklin WR, Purcell D, Mench JA. 1990. Farm animals in agricultural and biomedical research. In: The Well-Being of Agricultural Animals in Biomedical and Agricultural Research: Proceedings from a SCAW-Sponsored Conference, September 6-7. Washington: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare. p 1-4.

Thomann WR. 2003. Chemical safety in animal care, use, and research. ILAR J 44:13-19.

Thulin H, Bjorkdahl M, Karlsson AS, Renstrom A. 2002. Reduction of exposure to laboratory animal allergens in a research laboratory. Ann Occup Hyg 46:61-68.

Tillman P. 1994. Integrating agricultural and biomedical research policies: Conflicts and opportunities. ILAR News 36:29-35.

Toth LA. 1997. The moribund state as an experimental endpoint. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 36:44-48.

Toth LA. 2000. Defining the moribund condition as an experimental endpoint for animal research. ILAR J 41:72-79.

Toth LA, Gardiner TW. 2000. Food and water restriction protocols: Physiological and behavioral considerations. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 39:9-17.

UKCCCR [United Kingdom Coordinating Committee on Cancer Research]. 1997. Guidelines for the Welfare of Animals in Experimental Neoplasia, 2nd ed. London: UKCCCR.

USC [United States Code]. Title 42, Chapter 6a, Subchapter III, Part H, Section 289d: Animals in Research. Available at http://uscode.house.gov/download/pls/42CGA.txt.

USDA [US Department of Agriculture]. 1985. 9 CFR 1A. (Title 9, Chapter 1, Subchapter A): Animal Welfare. Available at http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?sid=8314313bd7adf2c9f1964e2d82a88d92andc=ecfrandtpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title09/9cfrv1_02.tpl; accessed January 14, 2010.

USDA. 1997a. APHIS Policy #14, “Multiple Survival Surgery: Single vs. Multiple Procedures” (April 14). Available at www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_welfare/downloads/policy/policy14.pdf; accessed January 4, 2010.

USDA. 1997b. APHIS Policy #3, “Veterinary Care” (July 17). Available at www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_welfare/downloads/policy/policy3.pdf; accessed January 9, 2010.

USDA. 2002. Facilities Design Standards. Manual 242.1. Available at www.afm.ars.usda.gov/ppweb/PDF/242-01M.pdf; accessed May 10, 2010.

Van Sluyters RC. 2008. A guide to risk assessment in animal care and use programs: The metaphor of the 3-legged stool. ILAR J49:372-378.

Yeates JW, Main DCJ. 2009. Assesment of positive welfare: A review. Vet Rev 175:293-300.

Vogelweid CM. 1998. Developing emergency management plans for university laboratory animal programs and facilities. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 37:52-56.

Wallace J. 2000. Humane endpoints and cancer research. ILAR J 41:87-93.

Wolff A, Garnett N, Potkay S, Wigglesworth C, Doyle D, Thornton, D. 2003. Frequently asked questions about the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Lab Anim 32(9):33-36.

Wolfle TL, Bush RK. 2001. The science and pervasiveness of laboratory animal allergy. ILAR J 42:1-3.

Wood RA. 2001. Laboratory animal allergens. ILAR J 42:12-16.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement