TABLE 3.5 Recommended Minimum Space for Nonhuman Primates Housed in Pairs or Groups*

Animals

Weight,a kg

Floor area/animal,b ft2 (m2)

Height,c in. (cm)

Comments

Monkeysd (including baboons)

 

 

 

Cage height should be sufficient for the animals to comfortably stand erect with their feet on the floor. Baboons, patas monkeys, and other longer-legged species may require more height than other monkeys, as might long-tailed animals and animals with prehensile tails. Overall cage volume and linear perch space should be considerations for many neotropical and arboreal species. For brachiating species cage height should be such that an animal can, when fully extended, swing from the cage ceiling without having its feet touch the floor. Cage design should enhance brachiating movement.

Group 1

Up to 1.5

2.1 (0.20)

30 (76.2)

Group 2

Up to 3

3.0 (0.28)

30 (76.2)

Group 3

Up to 10

4.3 (0.4)

30 (76.2)

Group 4

Up to 15

6.0 (0.56)

32 (81.3)

Group 5

Up to 20

8.0 (0.74)

36 (91.4)

Group 6

Up to 25

10 (0.93)

46 (116.8)

Group 7

Up to 30

15 (1.40)

46 (116.8)

Group 8

>30e

≥25 (≥2.32)

60 (152.4)

Chimpanzees (Pan)

 

 

 

For other apes and large brachiating species cage height should be such that an animal can, when fully extended, swing from the cage ceiling without having its feet touch the floor. Cage design should enhance brachiating movement.

Juveniles

Up to 10

15 (1.4)

60 (152.4)

Adultsf

>10

≥25 (≥2.32)

84 (213.4)

*The interpretation of this table should take into consideration the performance indices described in the text beginning on page 55.

aTo convert kilograms to pounds, multiply by 2.2.

bSingly housed primates may require more space than the amount allocated per animal when group housed.

cFrom cage floor to cage top.

dCallitrichidae, Cebidae, Cercopithecidae, and Papio.

eLarger animals may require more space to meet performance standards (see text).

fApes weighing over 50 kg are more effectively housed in permanent housing of masonry, concrete, and wire-panel structure than in conventional caging.



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