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S&T Strategies of Six Countries: Implications for the United States
FIGURE 2-1 Comparison of supply and output indicators in JBRICS countries using Knowledge Assessment Methodology. SOURCE: World Bank. 2009. Knowledge for Development (K4D) Website: Custom Scorecards (KAM 2009). Tool available at http://info.worldbank.org/etools/kam2/KAM_page3.asp?default=1. Last accessed June 14, 2010.
A constellation of cultural, economic, and policy factors must be considered when evaluating the capability of a country in S&T innovation.
In its review, the committee attempted to identify nation-specific indicators that should be used alongside the more globally relevant observables discussed above (e.g., patents, publications, degrees awarded, and S&T budgets) to better monitor, track, and quantify S&T development in other countries and the United States in the future. These nation-specific indicators are discussed in the individual country chapters and summarized in Chapter 9.
The Committee on Global Science and Technology Strategies and Their Effect on U.S. National Security (see Appendix A) started research for the report at its first meeting in November 2009 and completed research in March 2010. During the first three meetings, committee members received briefings and discussed the report structure and approach. Writing and research were primarily performed outside the meetings, and the final meeting was devoted to preparing the first version of the report for review. See Appendix B for a full listing of speakers and briefings.