BOX 1-1

Statement of Task

An ad hoc committee will examine the science and technology (S&T) strategies of Brazil, Russia, India, China, Japan, and Singapore and the relevance of those strategies to U.S. national security. The committee will compare and contrast U.S. S&T strategy planning by federal and nonfederal sources to that of the selected nations and evaluate the implications of any differences for U.S. national security strategy.

Specifically, the committee will:

  • Assess key foreign national S&T planning—derived from various national position documents—with special relevance to U.S. national security objectives, evaluate the current, mid-term (3-5 years), and long term (10+ years)* strategies of each, and estimate the expected timeline for the achievement of national S&T goals.

  • Identify potentially high-impact areas being pursued by the identified countries (possibly including advanced energy technology, advanced physics, neuroscience, or nanoscience) and identify the potential impact of these areas on national security.

  • Recommend nation-specific indicators for each country that could be used to effectively monitor progress in high-impact research. These could include:

    • National research priorities and drivers

    • Funding sources (government, industry) and allocation across fields

    • Financial and human resource allocation

    • Intellectual property (e.g., published papers, patents, and rate and distributional changes thereof)

    • Management: overall policy, work force planning, and mechanisms of execution

    • Other internal and external factors impacting strategy (e.g., global financial climate, demography, environmental issues, incentives for success, and penalties for failure)

  • Analyze relationship between foreign S&T strategy and military capability

  • Offer key recommendations to the U.S. government and the IC on the application of the identified strategies to the United States


*The committee found that most plans of the six countries it studied do not have a 10-year outlook, and so it was not able to comment on this timeframe.

As a result of these countries’ S&T strategies and of the current climate of free-flowing and inexpensive access to information, maintaining scientific and technological assets and preventing technological surprise will continue to be a major challenge for the U.S. government and its intelligence community.


This report covers the S&T strategies of the JBRICS countries and the relevance of those strategies to U.S. national security. Chapter 2 outlines the methodology developed by the committee used to create the report. Chapters 3 through 8 describe the strategy and goals of each of the six selected countries, and consider other significant factors that affect each nation’s innovation environment. Each of these chapters ends with a net assessment of the country’s current progress and predicts advancement in key technology areas relevant to U.S. national security. These chapters also highlight unique, nation-specific metrics that can be used to track each country’s progress toward achieving its goals and points out key observations and implications for U.S. national security. Chapter 9

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