GDP gross domestic product

GERD gross expenditure on research and development

GET-UP Growing Enterprises with Technology Upgrade (Singapore)

GLONASS Global’naya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema (Global Navigation Satellite System)

GNP gross national product

GPS global positioning system

GSLV Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle

GWe gigawatt-electric

HTI High Tech Indicator

IC intelligence community

IED improvised explosive device

IGS information gathering satellite

IITs Indian Institutes of Technology

IMD International Institute for Management Development

IMF International Monetary Fund

INCT Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia (National Institute of Science and Technology)

INSAT Indian National Satellite System

IP intellectual property

ISSCC International Solid State Circuits Conference

IT information technology

ITC innovative-technological centers

JBRICS Japan, Brazil, Russia, India, China, and Singapore

KAM Knowledge Assessment Methodology

KIP Knowledge Innovation Program

MDA model-driven architecture

MLTP Medium and Long Term Plan for S&T

MTI Ministry of Trade and Industry (Government of Singapore)

MRI magnetic resonance imaging

MWe megawatt-electric

NAE National Academy of Engineering

NIAC national information analytical center

NIC National Intelligence Council (of the United States)

NIE National Intelligence Estimate

NISTADS National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies

NISTEP National Institute of Science and Technology Policy

NRC National Research Council

NSF National Science Foundation

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PACTI Plano de Ação, Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação para o Desenvolvimiento Nacional (Action Plan on Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development)

PDM product data management

PHWR pressurized heavy-water reactor

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