1. Science and ethics: (a) ethics in the use of scientific knowledge, and (b) science and ethics in democratic societies;

  2. Conservation of resources and manpower: attitudes, policies, and technological opportunities;

  3. Conservation and recycling of water and methods for enhancing water supplies;

  4. Future energy supply and demand options in Iran and their associated environmental and health impacts, including special consideration of solar and other renewable resources;

  5. Lessons learned from recent earthquakes and advances in earthquake engineering applicable to existing and new buildings in Iran;

  6. Developing the base for scientific and technological advances in Iran with special attention to alleviating the negative consequences of brain drain;

  7. Steps to help ensure food security in Iran;

  8. Transportation policy with emphasis on accident treatment and reduction; and

  9. Capabilities of developing countries to utilize available information technologies and know-how.

For these workshops, the Iranian Academies and the American Academies agree to cover the cost of the international travel of their respective representatives and the local costs of the workshops held in their respective countries. The Academies expect that up to three workshops will be held in 2001 and up to three workshops will be held in 2002. Three of the workshops will be held in Iran, and three in the United States. The timing, location, and topic of each workshop will be decided by mutual agreement of the Academies with sufficient time being allowed for preparation and planning of the workshops and for inviting appropriate scientific, engineering, medical, and other experts. It is expected that each workshop will consist of approximately fifteen invited participants.

In addition, the American Academies are willing to cover the cost of the participation of a young Iranian scientist in its summer intern program on science policy in 2001 and another young Iranian scientist in its summer intern program in 2002. Opportunities for young American scientists and engineers to participate in science policy activities in Iran will also be explored.

The Academies will also work to overcome obstacles and enhance opportunities for exchange of scientists, scholars, and students between the United States and Iran.

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