Appendix H
Selected Statistics: Human Development, Research, and Communications in Iran

Human Development

Adult Literacy Rate (1995-2005)

82.4 %

Youth Literacy Rate (1995-2005) age 15-24

97.4 %

Population Undernourished (2002-2004)

4.0 %

Population Using Improved Water Sources (2002-2004)

94.0 %

Public Expenditure on Education (2002-2005), % of GDP

4.7 %

Public Expenditure on Education (2002-2005), % of budget

22.8 %

Public Expenditure on Health (2004) % of GDP

3.2 %

Electrification Rate

97.0 %

Unemployment (1996-2005)

11.5 %

Employment in industry (30%), agriculture (25%), services (45%)

SOURCE: U.N.D.P. Human Development Report, 2007/2008

Research

R&D at Universities

Research Centers Associated with Universities: 165

Public Universities that Conduct Research: 53

Private Universities that Conduct Research: 23



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Appendix H Selected Statistics: Human Development, Research, and Communications in Iran Human Development Adult Literacy Rate (1995-2005) 82.4 % Youth Literacy Rate (1995-2005) age 15-24 97.4 % Population Undernourished (2002-2004) 4.0 % Population Using Improved Water Sources (2002-2004) 94.0 % Public Expenditure on Education (2002-2005), % of GDP 4.7 % Public Expenditure on Education (2002-2005), % of budget 22.8 % Public Expenditure on Health (2004) % of GDP 3.2 % Electrification Rate 97.0 % Unemployment (1996-2005) 11.5 % Employment in industry (30%), agriculture (25%), services (45%) SOURCE: U.N.D.P. Human Development Report, 2007/2008 Research R&D at Uniersities Research Centers Associated with Universities: 165 Public Universities that Conduct Research: 53 Private Universities that Conduct Research: 23 

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 APPENDIX H R&D at Goernment Facilities National Research Centers of Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology: 29 Research Centers of Ministry of Health and Medical Education: 99 Research Centers of Other Ministries: 69 R&D at Business Enterprises R&D Units in Industry: 925 Private Research Centers: 113 SOURCE: Vice Minister Mansour Kabganian, Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology, “Science and Research Policies and Some Related Action Programmes for Sustainable Development of Iran,” Dr. M. Tavakol, Editor, Regional Forum on Science and Technology Policy for Sustainable Deelopment, 21-23 January 2006, Tehran, Iranian National Commission for UNESCO, Tehran, 2006. Communications Telephone Lines International: submarine fiber optic cable to UAE with connection to Fiber- Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); fiber optic line from Azerbaijan through Iran to Turkmenistan with expansion to Georgia and Azerbaijan; HF, radio, and microwave radio relay to Turkey, Azerbaijan, Pakistan. Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Syria, Kuwait, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; 13 satellite earth stations (2007) Domestic: 25 million lines (2008) Telephones 24.8 million main line and 43 million mobile cellular Radio Broadcast Stations 72 AM, 6 FM, and 5 shortwave (1998)

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 APPENDIX H Teleision Broadcast Stations 29 plus 450 repeaters (1997) Internet Hosts: 5.3 million (2006) Users: 23 million (2008) SOURCE: World Fact Book 2010: http://cia.go/library/publications/the­ world­factbook/geos/ir.html

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