Schweitzer, Glenn E.. "Appendix H: Selected Statistics: Human Development, Research, and Communications in Iran." U.S.-Iran Engagement in Science, Engineering, and Health (2000-2009): Opportunities, Constraints, and Impacts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2010.
The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
U.S.-Iran Engagement in Science, Engineering, and Health (2000-2009): Opportunities, Constraints, and Impacts
R&D at Government Facilities
National Research Centers of Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology: 29
Research Centers of Ministry of Health and Medical Education: 99
Research Centers of Other Ministries: 69
R&D at Business Enterprises
R&D Units in Industry: 925
Private Research Centers: 113
SOURCE: Vice Minister Mansour Kabganian, Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology, “Science and Research Policies and Some Related Action Programmes for Sustainable Development of Iran,” Dr. M. Tavakol, Editor, Regional Forum on Science and Technology Policy for Sustainable Development, 21-23 January 2006, Tehran, Iranian National Commission for UNESCO, Tehran, 2006.
International: submarine fiber optic cable to UAE with connection to Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); fiber optic line from Azerbaijan through Iran to Turkmenistan with expansion to Georgia and Azerbaijan; HF, radio, and microwave radio relay to Turkey, Azerbaijan, Pakistan. Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Syria, Kuwait, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; 13 satellite earth stations (2007)
Domestic: 25 million lines (2008)
24.8 million main line and 43 million mobile cellular