Appendix C
Acronyms

AGISAR Advisory Group on Integrated Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance

AGP antimicrobial growth promoters

AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome

AMR antimicrobial resistance

APUA Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics Ara-C Arabinofuranosyl Cytidine

ARI antimicrobial-resistant infection

AST antimicrobial susceptibility testing

ATCC American Type Culture Collection

BARDA Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority

CAC Codex Alimentarius Commission

CA-MRSA community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

CAP community acquired pneumonia

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CF cystic fibrosis

CI confidence interval

CLSI Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute

CTX-M cefotaximase

DANMAP Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Programme



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Appendix C Acronyms AGISAR Advisory Group on Integrated Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance AGP antimicrobial growth promoters AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome AMR antimicrobial resistance APUA Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics Ara-C Arabinofuranosyl Cytidine ARI antimicrobial-resistant infection AST antimicrobial susceptibility testing ATCC American Type Culture Collection BARDA Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority CAC Codex Alimentarius Commission CA-MRSA community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus CAP community acquired pneumonia CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CF cystic fibrosis CI confidence interval CLSI Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute CTX-M cefotaximase DANMAP Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Programme 

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 APPENDIX C DDT dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DRG diagnosis-related group ECDC European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control EMEA European Medicines Agency extended-spectrum β-lactamase ESBL FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FDA Food and Drug Administration GMP good manufacturing practice HHS United States Department of Health and Human Services Hib Haemophilus influenza type b HIV human immunodeficiency virus ICE integrative conjugative element ICH International Conference on Harmonization IDSA Infectious Diseases Society of America IMCI Integrated Management of Childhood Illness IMPACT International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Taskforce IND investigational new drug IOM Institute of Medicine IPO initial public offering KPC Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase MALDI-TOF matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight MDR multidrug resistant MIC minimal inhibitory concentration MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MSSA methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus NDA new drug application NHSN National Healthcare Safety Network NIH National Institutes of Health NTA non-therapeutic antimicrobial OIE World Organisation for Animal Health PAMTA Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act PDR pan-drug resistant

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 ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE PK-PD pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic PVL Panton–Valentine leukocidin RNA ribonucleic acid R&D research and development ROAR Reservoirs of Antibiotic Resistance ROS reactive oxygen species SCCmec staphylococcal chromosome cassette mec STAAR Act Strategies to Address Antimicrobial Resistance Act TA toxin-antitoxin TB tuberculosis UV ultraviolet VICP Vaccine Injury Compensation Program VISA vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus VRE vancomycin-resistant enterococci VRSA vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus WHA World Health Assembly WHO World Health Organization XDR extensively drug-resistant