DDT dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

DNA deoxyribonucleic acid

DRG diagnosis-related group

ECDC European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

EMEA European Medicines Agency

ESBL extended-spectrum β-lactamase

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FDA Food and Drug Administration

GMP good manufacturing practice

HHS United States Department of Health and Human Services

Hib Haemophilus influenza type b

HIV human immunodeficiency virus

ICE integrative conjugative element

ICH International Conference on Harmonization

IDSA Infectious Diseases Society of America

IMCI Integrated Management of Childhood Illness

IMPACT International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Taskforce

IND investigational new drug

IOM Institute of Medicine

IPO initial public offering

KPC Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase

MALDI-TOF matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight

MDR multidrug resistant

MIC minimal inhibitory concentration

MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

MSSA methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus

NDA new drug application

NHSN National Healthcare Safety Network

NIH National Institutes of Health

NTA non-therapeutic antimicrobial

OIE World Organisation for Animal Health

PAMTA Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act

PDR pan-drug resistant

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