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Technology for a Quieter America Appendix H Acronyms and Abbreviations %HA percentage (of persons) highly annoyed AC asphalt concrete ACARE Advisory Council for Aeronautical Research in Europe ACTIVE International Symposium on Active Control of Sound and Vibration ACUS Administrative Conference of the United States ADC40 Transportation Research Board Committee on Transportation-Related Noise and Vibration ADOT Arizona Department of Transportation A|D|S Aerospace|Defence|Security (see SBAC) AHAAH Auditory Hazard Assessment Algorithm for Humans AHAM American Home Appliance Manufacturers AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics AIP American Institute of Physics AMCA Air Moving and Conditioning Association AMT Association for Manufacturing Technology ANASE Attitudes to Noise from Aviation Sources in England ANR active noise reduction ANSI American National Standards Institute ANTLE advanced near-term low emissions AREMA American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association ARI Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute ASC Accredited Standards Committee ASEL A-weighted sound exposure level ASHA American Speech-Language-Hearing Association ASHE American Society for Healthcare Engineering ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers AST advanced subsonic transport ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATIS Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions AUD Australian dollar BBN Bolt, Beranek and Newman CAD computer-aided design CAETS International Council of Engineering and Technical Societies CALM Community Noise Research Strategy Plan (European Union) CBA cost-benefit analysis CDoT California Department of Transportation CE Conformité Européenne CEI Central European Initiative CEN European Committee for Standardization CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization CENYC Council of the Environment of New York City CFD computational fluid dynamics CFR Code of Federal Regulations CPRE Campaign to Protect Rural England CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission CRRs commuter railroads CRS Congressional Research Service
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Technology for a Quieter America CU Consumers Union dB decibel DEFRA Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs DENL day-evening-night average sound level DEP Department of Environmental Protection (New York City) DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services DIA Denver International Airport DNL day-night-average sound level DNW Dutch Anechoic Wind Tunnel DOD U.S. Department of Defense DOL U.S. Department of Labor DOT U.S. Department of Transportation DRA duct resonator array EA European Co-operation for Accreditation EC European Commission ECMA formerly the European Computer Manufacturers Association, now only ECMA END Environmental Noise Directive EPA Environmental Protection Agency EPNdB effective perceived noise level decibels EPNL effective perceived noise level ER exchange rate EU European Union FAA Federal Aviation Administration FEHRL Forum of European National Highway Research Laboratories FGI Facility Guidelines Institute FHWA Federal Highway Administration FICAN Federal Interagency Committee on Aircraft Noise FICON Federal Interagency Committee on Noise FICUN Federal Interagency Committee on Urban Noise FRA Federal Railroad Administration FTA Federal Transit Administration FTAG Federal Transportation Advisory Group GAO Government Accountability Office GDP gross domestic product GPSG German Equipment and Product Safety Act GSA General Services Administration GSIG Global Standards and Information Group HARMONOISE Project to predict environmental noise levels caused by road and railway traffic (European Union) HEATCO Harmonized European Approaches for Transport Costing and Product Assessment Studies (consortium) HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act HPD hearing protection device HSR high-speed passenger railroads HWB hybrid wing body ICAO International Civil Aviation Association ICBEN International Commission on the Biological Effects of Noise IEC International Electrotechnical Commission IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IIC Impact-Insulation Class I-INCE International Institute of Noise Control Engineering ILAC International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation IMAGINE Project to produce noise maps (European Union) INCE/USA Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the U.S.A. INTER-NOISE International Congress on Noise Control Engineering ISEA International Safety Equipment Association IOM Institute of Medicine ISO International Organization for Standardization ISVR Institute of Sound and Vibration Research (United Kingdom) IT information technology ITD integrated technology demonstrators JPDO Joint Planning and Development Office KBDN Kitchen and Bath Design News LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEMA Laboratory for Electromagnetics and Acoustics LHH League for the Hard of Hearing (now Center for Hearing and Communication) LRT light rail transit MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MSHA Mine Safety and Health Administration
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Technology for a Quieter America NAE National Academy of Engineering NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NAW Noise Action Week NCAC National Council of Acoustical Consultants NCEJ Noise Control Engineering Journal NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NCSI National Center for Standards Certification Information NDI noise depreciation index NDSI noise depreciation sensitivity index NEF noise exposure forecast NIH National Institutes of Health NIHL noise-induced hearing loss NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIPTS noise-induced permanent threshold shift NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NNI noise and number index NNI Noise/News International NOISE-CON National Conference on Noise Control Engineering NPS National Park Service NRR noise reduction rating NVLAP National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OGAC open-grade asphalt concrete OMB Office of Management and Budget ONAC Office of Noise Abatement and Control ONCC O’Hare Noise Compatibility Commission OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHRC Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PARTNER Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction PCC Portland cement concrete PEL permitted exposure level PIRG Public Information Research Group PnDB unit of perceived noise level PNL perceived noise level PPE personal protective equipment QPPP Quiet Pavement Pilot Program QTD Quiet Technology Demonstrator Program R&D research and development RRT rapid rail transit SAE Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE International) SAX-40 Silent Aircraft Initiative SBAC Society of British Aerospace Companies (through a merger, now ADS) SEL sound exposure level SILENCE Aircraft Noise Reduction Project (European Union) SILVIA based on silenda via (the road must be silent) SMA stone matrix asphalt SME Society of Mechanical Engineers STAIRRS Strategies and Tools to Assess and Implement Noise-Reducing Measures for Railway Systems STC sound transmission class TC43/SC1 (ISO) Technical Committee 43 Subcommittee 1 (Noise) TGV train à grande vitesse (France) TNM Traffic Noise Model TPNRC Tire-Pavement Noise Research Consortium TRB Transportation Research Board TTS temporary threshold shift TÜV Technischer Überwachungs-Verein (Germany) TWA time-weighted average TWINS track-wheel interaction noise system UHBR ultra high bypass ratio UL Underwriters Laboratories UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe USAF U.S. Air Force USC U.S. Code USCB U.S. Census Bureau USD U.S. dollar USTR U.S. Trade Representative VCA Vehicle Certification Agency (United Kingdom) VITAL EnVIronmenTALly WG1 Working Group on Noise Indicators WG2 Working Group on Socio-Economic Aspects of Noise WHO World Health Organization WTA willingness to accept WTP willingness to pay
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