is overstated. He is also interested in the economics of health insurance and the impact of managed care on the medical system. Cutler served on the Council of Economic Advisers and the National Economic Council during the Clinton administration and advised the presidential campaigns of Bill Bradley and John Kerry. Among other affiliations, he has held positions with the National Institutes of Health and has served on many study groups of the National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. He has a Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
DENNIS G. FRYBACK is professor emeritus of population health sciences and industrial engineering at the University of Wisconsin. He is a founding member of the Society for Medical Decision Making, has been continuously active in its work since 1978, served as president in 1982-1983, and received its EL Saenger Service Award in 1994 and Award for Career Achievement in 1999. His research and teaching interests include medical technology assessment, health care cost-effectiveness analysis, measurement of population-level health status and health-related quality of life assessment, use of simulation modeling to understand cancer epidemiology, and use of Bayesian statistical analysis in these areas and in pharmacoeconomics and outcomes research. He was initiator and program director for an institutional doctoral training grant in population-based health services research at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. In 1986 he succeeded the first editor-in-chief of Medical Decision Making for a 3-year term. He currently serves on the editorial board of Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology. He is fellow of the Association of Health Services Research. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. He has a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Michigan.
ALAN M. GARBER is the Henry J. Kaiser, Jr., professor and professor of medicine at Stanford University and staff physician at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Palo Alto Health Care System. At Stanford, he is also professor of economics and of health care delivery and financing. He is the founding director of the Center for Health Policy and the Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research. His research focuses on methods for improving health care delivery and financing—particularly for the elderly—in settings of limited resources. He has developed methods for determining the cost effectiveness of health interventions, and he studies ways to structure financial and organizational incentives to ensure that cost-effective care is delivered. In addition, his research explores how clinical practice patterns and health care market characteristics influence technology adoption, health expenditures, and health outcomes in the United States and other countries. He leads the Global Healthcare Productivity project, which includes collaborators from 19 nations. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. He has A.B., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees, all in economics, from Harvard