overall DOE hydrogen program manager. There are three fuel technical teams: fuel pathway integration, hydrogen production, and hydrogen delivery, with participation from the DOE and five energy companies that joined the Partnership 5 years ago. The technical teams report to the Fuel Operations Group, consisting of energy directors and DOE program managers, who in turn report to the Executive Steering Group.

A number of important programs related to FCT are carried out in other parts of the DOE. Work on growing, harvesting, transporting, and storing biomass as well as work on using solar heat to produce hydrogen are also carried out in the EERE but are not part of the Partnership.1 The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) supports the development of technologies to produce hydrogen from coal and related carbon-sequestration technologies. The Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) supports research on the potential use of nuclear heat to produce hydrogen, and the Office of Science (SC) supports fundamental work on new materials for hydrogen storage, catalysts, and fundamental biological or molecular processes for hydrogen production, as well as work potentially affecting other areas of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership.

As discussed elsewhere in this report, the DOE recently added two utility partners to the Partnership to address issues associated with emergence of PHEVs and BEVs. With time this should bring additional attention to the issues associated with providing the required electricity while increasing energy security and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

In reviewing the hydrogen production, delivery, and dispensing area, the committee considered whether it is appropriate for the federal government to be involved, and without exception the committee concluded that government involvement is appropriate and needed. As will be shown in this chapter, the DOE through the FCT program continues to make substantial progress, ensuring that hydrogen can be made available to meet the needs of fuel-cell-powered vehicles as they emerge. Continued work is needed to minimize cost and GHG emissions and reduce dependence on natural gas. Although the current abundance and low cost of natural gas make it attractive as a transition source of hydrogen, reducing dependence on natural gas should remain a long-term objective for hydrogen production.

HYDROGEN FUEL PATHWAYS

The hydrogen fuel/vehicle pathway integration effort is charged with looking across the full hydrogen supply chain from well (source) to tank. Specifically, the goals of this integration effort are to (1) analyze issues associated with complete hydrogen production, distribution, and dispensing pathways; (2) provide input to

1

This EERE program is coordinated with programs in the Department of Agriculture. See on the Web <http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/!ut/p/_s.7_0_A/7_0_1OB?navid=ENERGY&navtype=MS>.



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