of molecular multiplexing and tags, homologous recombination methods, and array DNA synthesizers. Technology transfer of automated sequencing and software to Genome Therapeutics Corp. resulted in the first commercial genome sequence (the human pathogen H. pylori, 1994). Dr. Church has served in advisory roles for 12 journals (including Nature Molecular Systems Biology), five granting agencies, and 24 biotech companies (founding Knome, Joule, and LS9). His current research focuses on integrating biosystems modeling with the Personal Genome Project and synthetic biology.

Barney Cohen (Study Director) is director of the Committee on Population of the National Academies/NRC. His work at the NRC has encompassed a wide variety of domestic and international projects, including studies on fertility, morbidity, mortality, housing, urbanization, migration, aging, and HIV/AIDS. Currently, he is also serving as the liaison of the National Academies to the Academy of Science of South Africa and the Ghanaian Academy of Arts and Sciences as part of a larger project aimed at supporting the development of academies of science in Africa. Dr. Cohen holds an M.A. in economics from the University of Delaware and a Ph.D. in demography from the University of California, Berkeley.

George T. Duncan joined the Carnegie Mellon University faculty in the Department of Statistics in 1974 and the Heinz College faculty in 1978. He became professor emeritus in 2008. He has served as director of the Heinz College’s M.S., M.P.M., and Ph.D. programs. He served as associate dean for faculty from 2001 to 2002. Prior to coming to Carnegie Mellon, Dr. Duncan taught in the mathematics department at the University of California, Davis. He is a visiting faculty member at Los Alamos National Laboratory, has been a visitor at Cambridge University, and was Lord Simon visiting professor at the University of Manchester in 2005. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, and an elected member of the International Statistical Institute. Dr. Duncan’s general research interests are in Bayesian decision making and information technology and social accountability. His primary focus is on confidentiality of statistical databases. His work has appeared in leading journals, including the Journal of the American Statistical Association, Management Science, Econometrica, Operations Research, Psychometrika, and Biometrika. He holds a B.S. and an M.S. in statistics from the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. in statistics from the University of Minnesota.

Henry T. Greely is Deane F. and Kate Edelman Johnson professor of law in Stanford University’s Law School. He also holds an appointment (by courtesy) with the Stanford University Department of Genetics. Professor Greely specializes in the legal implications of new biomedical technologies, especially those

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