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Contents

1

 

Introduction and Overview
Eileen M. Crimmins, Samuel H. Preston, and Barney Cohen

 

1

Part I:
Levels and Trends

 

 

2

 

Diverging Trends in Life Expectancy at Age 50: A Look at Causes of Death
Dana A. Glei, France Meslé, and Jacques Vallin

 

17

3

 

Are International Differences in Health Similar to International Differences in Life Expectancy?
Eileen M. Crimmins, Krista Garcia, and Jung Ki Kim

 

68

Part II:
Identifying Causal Explanations

 

 

4

 

Contribution of Smoking to International Differences in Life Expectancy
Samuel H. Preston, Dana A. Glei, and John R. Wilmoth

 

105

5

 

Divergent Patterns of Smoking Across High-Income Nations
Fred Pampel

 

132

6

 

Can Obesity Account for Cross-National Differences in Life Expectancy Trends?
Dawn E. Alley, Jennifer Lloyd, and Michelle Shardell

 

164

7

 

The Contribution of Physical Activity to Divergent Trends in Longevity
Andrew Steptoe and Anna Wikman

 

193



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