rector of the Harborview Medical Center, and a senior clinical advisor at the I-TECH Department of Global Health. Dr. Barnhart received his medical degree from George Washington University in 1979 and his master’s of public health in 1986 from the University of Washington.


The Honorable Regina M. Benjamin, M.D., M.B.A. is the 18th Surgeon General of the U.S. Public Health Service. As America’s Doctor, she provides members of the public with the best scientific information available on how to improve their health and the health of the nation. Dr. Benjamin also oversees the operational command of 6,500 uniformed health officers who serve in locations around the world to promote, protect, and advance the health of the American people. Dr. Benjamin is founder and former CEO of the Bayou La Batre Rural Health Clinic in Alabama, former associate dean for rural health at the University of South Alabama College of Medicine in Mobile, and immediate past chair of the Federation of State Medical Boards of the United States. She was the first physician under age 40 and the first African-American woman to be elected to the American Medical Association Board of Trustees. She served as president of the American Medical Association (AMA) Education and Research Foundation and chair of the AMA’s Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. In 2002, she became president of the Medical Association of the State of Alabama, making her the first African American female president of a state medical society in the United States. Dr. Benjamin is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians. She was a Kellogg National Fellow and a Rockefeller Next Generation Leader. She serves on numerous boards, including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, Catholic Health Association, and Morehouse School of Medicine. In 1998, Dr. Benjamin was the U.S. recipient of the Nelson Mandela Award for Health and Human Rights. Dr. Benjamin has a B.S. in chemistry from Xavier University, New Orleans; an M.D. from the University of Alabama, Birmingham; an M.B.A. from Tulane University; and five honorary doctorates. She attended Morehouse School of Medicine and completed her family medicine residency in Macon, Georgia. She also established a clinic in a small fishing village in Alabama to help its uninsured residents.


Thomas E. Bernard, Ph.D. is a professor in the College of Public Health and chair of the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health at the University of South Florida. His primary research interest is



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