TABLE E.1 The Decadal Survey’s Top-Ranked Safety R&T Challenges Applicable to New Operations (9 is highest score; 1 is lowest)

R&T Challenge by Discipline/Area

NASA Relevance and Suitability

Dynamics, Navigation, Control, and Avionics

 

(D1) Advanced guidance systems

7.5

(D2) Distributed decision-making, decision making under uncertainty, and flight-path planning and prediction

6

(D6) Improved on-board weather systems and tools

6

(D8) Human-machine integration

6

(D9) Synthetic vision and enhanced vision systems

6

(D7) Advanced communications, navigation, and surveillance technology

4.5

Intelligent and Autonomous Systems, Operations and Decision-making, Human Integrated Systems, and Networking and Communications

 

(E1) Methodologies, tools, and simulation and modeling capabilities to design and evaluate complex interactive systems

6

(E2) New concepts and methods of separating, spacing, and sequencing aircraft

6

(E3) Appropriate roles of humans and automated systems for separation assurance, including feasibility and merits of highly automated separation assurance systems

6

(E4) Affordable new sensors, system technologies, and procedures to improve the prediction and measurement of wake turbulence

6

(E5) Interfaces that assure effective information sharing and coordination among ground-based and airborne human and machine agents

6

(E8a) Transparent and collaborative decision-support systems

6

(E8c) Interfaces and procedures that support human operators ineffective task and attention management

6

SOURCE: Selected from the “Prioritization of R&T Challenges” tables in the Decadal Survey.

TABLE E.2 The Decadal Survey’s Top-Ranked Safety R&T Challenges Applicable to Hazardous Conditions and the IIFD and IRAC Technical Plans (9 is highest score; 1 is lowest)

R&T Challenge by Discipline/Area

NASA Relevance and Suitability

Intelligent and Autonomous Systems, Operations and Decision-making, Human Integrated Systems, and Networking and Communications

 

(E4) Affordable new sensors, system technologies, and procedures to improve the prediction and measurement of wake turbulence

6

Dynamics, Navigation, Control, and Avionics

 

(D6) Improved on-board weather systems and tools

6

(D7) Advanced communications, navigation, and surveillance technology

4.5

Aerodynamics and Aerocoustics

 

(A6) Aerodynamics robust to atmospheric disturbances and adverse weather conditions, including icing

4.5

SOURCE: Selected from the “Prioritization of R&T Challenges” tables in the Decadal Survey.



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