Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 269
New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics F Acronyms 2MASS 2 Micron All Sky Survey AAAC Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory Committee AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science AAG Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Grants AANM Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium AAPF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellows AAS American Astronomical Society ACS Advanced Camera for Surveys ACTA Atmospheric Čerenkov Telescope Array AGIS Advanced Gamma-ray Imaging System AGU American Geophysical Union ALFA Adaptive optics with a Laser for Astronomy ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array ALTAIR Access to Large Telescopes for Astronomical Instruction and Research AO adaptive optics AO Announcement of Opportunity APRA Astronomy and Physics Research and Analysis APS American Physical Society ARCADE Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Diffuse Emission ARISE Advanced Radio Interferometry between Space and Earth
OCR for page 270
New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics ARO Arizona Radio Observatory ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ATA Allen Telescope Array ATI Advanced Technologies and Instrumentation ATP Astrophysics Theory Program ATST Advanced Technology Solar Telescope AUI Associated Universities, Inc. AURA Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy BigBOSS Big Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey BLISS Background-Limited Infrared-Submillimeter Spectrograph BPA Board on Physics and Astronomy CANGAROO Collaboration of Australia and Nippon (Japan) for a Gamma Ray Observatory in the Outback CARMA Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy CATE cost appraisal and technical evaluation CFP Cosmology and Fundamental Physics, Panel on CMB cosmic microwave background COBE Cosmic Background Explorer CoBRA Coherent Online Baseband Receiver for Astronomy Con-X Constellation-X COROT Convection, Rotation and Planetary Transits CSO Caltech Submillimeter Observatory CTA Čerenkov Telescope Array CTIO Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory CXC Chandra X-ray Observatory Center DES Dark Energy Survey DOE Department of Energy DSIAC decadal survey implementation advisory committee E-ELT European Extremely Large Telescope EHT Event Horizon Telescope EJSM Europa Jupiter System Mission EOS Electromagnetic Observations from Space, Panel on ESA European Space Agency ESM Electromagnetic Spectrum Management ESO European Southern Observatory EU European Union EVLA Expanded Very Large Array
OCR for page 271
New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics EXIST Energetic X-ray Imaging Survey Telescope FACA Federal Advisory Committee Act FASR Frequency Agile Solar Radiotelescope FFAR Federal Funding of Astronomical Research FGST Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope FIRST Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-one Centimeters FUSE Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer FY fiscal year GAIA Graphical Astronomy and Image Analysis GALEX Galaxy Evolution Explorer GAN Galactic Neighborhood, Panel on GBT Green Bank Telescope GCT Galaxies across Cosmic Time, Panel on GEMS Gravity and Extreme Magnetism SMEX GMT Giant Magellan Telescope GONG Global Oscillation Network Group GRB gamma-ray burst GSMT Giant Segmented Mirror Telescope HAO High Altitude Observatory HAWC High Altitude Water Čerenkov experiment HEASARC High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center HEGRA High Energy Gamma Ray Astronomy HEPAP High Energy Physics Advisory Panel HERA Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array HESS High Energy Stereoscopic System HET Hobby-Eberly Telescope HPC high-performance computing HST Hubble Space Telescope IAU International Astronomical Union Inst/Tech Instrumentation and Technology Development IPA Intergovernmental Personnel Act IPAC Infrared Processing and Analysis Center IR infrared IRAS Infrared Astronomy Satellite IRTF Infrared Telescope Facility ISG Infrastructure Study Group ISM interstellar medium
OCR for page 272
New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics ITAR International Traffic in Arms Regulations IXO International X-Ray Observatory IYA International Year of Astronomy JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JDEM Joint Dark Energy Mission JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory JWST James Webb Space Telescope KPNO Kitt Peak National Observatory LBT Large Binocular Telescope LDB Long-duration balloon LHC Large Hadron Collider LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory LISA Laser Interferometer Space Antenna LMT Large Millimeter Telescope LSST Large Synoptic Survey Telescope MAGIC Major Atmospheric Gamma-ray Imaging erenkov Telescope MAST Multimission Archive at STScI MIDEX Medium-scale Explorer MIE Model Institutions for Excellence MoO Mission of Opportunity MPS Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Directorate for (NSF) MPSAC Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee MREFC Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction MRI Major Research Instrumentation MSP Math and Science Partnership NAIC National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NICMOS Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer NOAO National Optical Astronomy Observatory NRAO National Radio Astronomy Observatory NRC National Research Council NSB National Science Board NSF National Science Foundation NSF-AGS National Science Foundation Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences NSF-AST National Science Foundation Division of Astronomical Sciences
OCR for page 273
New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics NSF-OCI National Science Foundation Office of CyberInfrastructure NSF-OPP National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs NSF-PHY National Science Foundation Division of Physics NSO National Solar Observatory NuSTAR Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array NVSS NRAO VLA Sky Survey OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OHEP Office of High Energy Physics (DOE) OIR optical and infrared; Optical and Infrared Astronomy from the Ground, Panel on OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PAG Particle Astrophysics and Gravitation, Panel on PASAG Particle Astrophysics Scientific Assessment Group PLATO Planetary Transits and Oscillations of Stars PPP Program Prioritization Panel PSF Planetary Systems and Star Formation, Panel on R&A research and analysis R&D research and development R&E research and education ReSTAR Renewing Small Telescopes for Astronomical Research REU Research Experiences for Undergraduates RFI request for information RMS radio, millimeter, and submillimeter; Radio, Millimeter, and Submillimeter Astronomy from the Ground, Panel on RXTE Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer SALT South African Large Telescope SDO Solar Dynamics Observatory SDSS Sloan Digital Sky Survey SETI Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence SFP Science Frontiers Panel SIM Space Interferometry Mission SKA Square Kilometer Array SKA-low Square Kilometer Array, low-frequency SMA Submillimeter Array SMD Science Mission Directorate (NASA) SMEX Small Explorer SOAR Southern Astrophysical Research
OCR for page 274
New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SPICA Space Infrared telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics SPT South Pole Telescope SSB Space Studies Board SSE Stars and Stellar Evolution, Panel on STC Science and Technology Center STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics STEREO Solar-Terrestrial Relations Observatory STScI Space Telescope Science Institute Tech/MSP Technology development and mid-scale projects TMT Thirty-Meter Telescope TRACE Transition Region and Coronal Explorer TSIP Telescope System Instrument Program UK United Kingdom ULDB ultralong-duration balloon UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization URO University Radio Observatory UV ultraviolet VERITAS Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System VLA Very Large Array VLBA Very Long Baseline Array VLT Very Large Telescope WFIRST Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope WISE Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer WIYN Wisconsin, Indiana, Yale, and NOAO Observatory WMAP Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe XEUS X-ray Evolving Universe Spectroscopy XMM X-ray Multi-mirror Mission