TABLE ES.1 Space and Ground: Recommended Activities—Small Scale (Alphabetical Order)

Recommendation

Agency

Science

Budget,a 2012-2021

Cross-Reference in Chapter 7

(Augmentation to) Advanced Technologies and Instrumentation

NSF

Broad; key opportunities in advanced instrumentation, especially adaptive optics and radio instrumentation

$5M/year additional

Page 236

(Augmentation to) Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Grants Program

NSF

Broad realization of science from observational, empirical, and theoretical investigations, including laboratory astrophysics

$8M/year additional

Page 236

(Augmentation to) Astrophysics Theory Program

NASA

Broad

$35M additional

Page 219

(Definition of) a future ultraviolet-optical space capability

NASA

Technology development benefiting a future ultraviolet telescope to study hot gas between galaxies, the interstellar medium, and exoplanets

$40M

Page 219

(Augmentation to) the Gemini international partnership

NSF

Increased U.S. share of Gemini; science opportunities include exoplanets, dark energy, and early-galaxy studies

$2M/year additional

Page 236

(Augmentation to) Intermediate Technology Development

NASA

Broad; targeted at advancing the readiness of technologies at technology readiness levels 3 to 5

$2M/year additional, increasing to $15M/year additional by 2021

Page 220

(Augmentation to) Laboratory Astrophysics

NASA

Basic nuclear, ionic, atomic, and molecular physics to support interpretation of data from JWST and future missions

$2M/year additional

Page 220

(U.S. contribution to JAXA-led) SPICA mission

NASA

Understanding the birth of galaxies, stars, and planets; cycling of matter through the interstellar medium

$150M

Page 218

(Augmentation to) the Suborbital Program

NASA

Broad, but including especially cosmic microwave background and particle astrophysics

$15M/year additional

Page 221

(Augmentation to) the Telescope System Instrument Program

NSF

Optical-infrared investments to leverage privately operated telescopes and provide competitive access to U.S. community

$2.5M/year additional

Page 236

Theory and Computation Networks

NASA NSF DOE

Broad; targeted at high-priority science through key projects

$5M/year NASA $2.5M/year NSF $2M/year DOE

Page 222

a Recommended budgets are in FY2010 dollars and are committee-generated and based on available community input.



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