County Department of Health, where she served as director for 10 years. She joined the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services in 1996 and served as state health director from 2001 to 2009. Beginning in September 2009, Dr. Devlin became Gillings Visiting Professor at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health. She is also past president of the North Carolina Association of Local Health Directors, past president of the North Carolina Public Health Association, and past president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials.


Catherine Dower, J.D., is associate director for research at the University of California, San Francisco, Center for the Health Professions. At the center, she codirects the Health Workforce Tracking Collaborative, which assesses health care workforce challenges such as maldistribution, shortages, language access, and scope-of-practice issues. For 5 years she directed the California Workforce Initiative, a comprehensive research and policy program that included studies on physician supply and distribution, nursing and allied health shortages, and safety net workforce challenges. As staff to the Pew Health Professions Commission, Ms. Dower codirected the commission’s national Taskforce on Health Care Workforce Regulation and was a principal author of the commission’s reports on health professions regulation. Her published work targets health professions regulation, practice models, and workforce analysis. Ms. Dower serves or has served on several boards and committees, including the National Commission for Certifying Agencies, the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, and the Foreign Credentialing Commission for Physical Therapy. She received her undergraduate and law degrees from the University of California at Berkeley and is licensed to practice law in the state of California.


Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, Ph.D., M.S.N., M.P.H., R.N., CPH, is currently an assistant professor at the University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies. Throughout her academic and professional career, she has focused on improving the behavioral health and public health of minorities and other at-risk communities throughout the world. In the past, she has worked on various community health nursing projects, public health programs, and research targeting African Americans; Hispanic Americans; and other vulnerable populations in Europe, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Dr. Gonzalez-Guarda has been a funded fellow of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s Minority Fellowship Program at the American Nurses Association, the National Hispanic Science Network on Drug Abuse, and the University of Miami Graduate School. She is currently a co-investigator for two studies within a research center funded by the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities/National Institutes of Health referred to as El Centro (Center of Excellence for Hispanic Health Disparities Research). One of these studies explores the experiences of Hispanic men with substance abuse, violence, and risky sexual



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