How to Teach
  • Guide students in integrating knowledge from clinical, social, and behavioral sciences with the practice of nursing to enhance development of clinical reasoning skills (Cronenwett, Dracup, Tanner, Tilden)

  • Enhance opportunities for interprofessional education (Cronenwett, Dracup, Gilliss, Tilden, Tanner)

    • Evaluate and test models of interprofessional education, including timing, determination of what levels of students should learn together, and what content is most effectively delivered with interprofessional learners (Tilden)

  • Develop and test new approaches to pre-licensure clinical education, including use of simulation (Dracup, Tanner)

  • Involve students in interprofessional quality improvement projects (Berwick, Gilliss, Cronenwett)

  • Develop model pre-licensure curricula that incorporate best practices in teaching and learning and can be used as a framework for community college–university partnerships (Tanner)

Where to Teach
  • In baccalaureate and higher degree programs (Aiken, Cronenwett, Dracup, Gilliss, Tanner, Tilden)

    • Significantly increase the number and proportion of new registered nurses who graduate from basic pre-licensure education with a baccalaureate or higher degree in nursing (Aiken, Cronenwett)

    • Require the BSN for entry into practice (Dracup, Tilden)

    • Support community college/university partnerships that increase the number of associate degree graduates that complete the baccalaureate degree (Dracup, Tanner)

    • Allow community colleges to provide baccalaureate degrees (Dracup)

  • In post-graduate residency programs

    • Develop and test clinical education models that include post-graduate residency programs (Tanner)

    • Implement requirement of post-graduate residency for initial relicensure (Cronenwett, Tanner)

  • In health care settings that foster day-to-day change and improvement (Berwick)

  • In programs built on strong academic–practice setting partnerships (Cronenwett, Gilliss)

    • At Academic Health Centers, promote governance structures that combine the strategic, rather than operational, oversight for nursing (Gilliss)



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