with the aim of determining the mechanisms by which dietary factors alter cardiovascular disease risk. Additional work is focused on population-based studies to address the relationship of cholesterol homeostasis and nutrient biomarkers on cardiovascular disease risk and on the application of systematic review methods to the field of nutrition. Dr. Lichtenstein is a member of the American Society for Nutrition; the Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Council; and the Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism Council of the American Heart Association. She is a past-chair of the American Heart Association Committee on Nutrition and served on the Department of Health and Human Services/U.S. Department of Agriculture 2000 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Dietary Reference Intake macronutrient panel, and the IOM Food Forum. Dr. Lichtenstein completed her undergraduate work at Cornell University, holds a masters degree from the Pennsylvania State University, and master’s and doctoral degrees from Harvard University. She received her postdoctoral training in the field of lipid metabolism at the Cardiovascular Institute at Boston University School of Medicine.


Lindsay H. Allen, Ph.D., is director of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Western Human Nutrition Research Center located on the University of California, Davis campus. The center’s primary focus is prevention of obesity, inflammation, and related chronic diseases through nutrition interventions. She is an expert on the prevalence, causes, and consequences of micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries and has conducted numerous interventions to assess the efficacy of micronutrient supplements and food-based approaches for improving nutritional status, pregnancy outcome, and child development. Dr. Allen has served on ten committees of the Institute of Medicine, including the Food and Nutrition Board and the Standing Committee for the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes. She has been an adviser to many bilateral and international agencies, including the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, the Pan American Health Organization, and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and she was president of the American Society for Nutrition and the Society for International Nutrition Research. She is vice president of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences. Dr. Allen was awarded the American Society for Nutrition’s Kellogg International Nutrition Prize in 1997 and the Conrad Elvejhem Award for Public Service in Nutrition in 2009. She received her doctorate from the University of California, Davis.


Tracy A. Fox, M.P.H., R.D., is the founder of Food, Nutrition and Policy Consultants, LLC, an organization in Washington, DC, specializing in food and nutrition policy and programs at the federal, state, and local levels. She has assisted government, schools, and nonprofit and for-profit organizations in policy and program enhancements to promote positive environmental change. Ms. Fox worked with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to collect, analyze, document and publicize success stories of school and district-based nutrition and physical activity initiatives and to evaluate promising childhood obesity prevention projects across the country in Head Start and day care programs, school districts, after-school programs, and farmers’ markets. She was a member of the IOM Committee on Nutrition Standards for Foods in School and the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council’s Committee on Local Government Actions to Prevent Childhood Obesity. She is president-elect of the Society for Nutrition Education and is a member of the Action for Healthy Kids’ Strategic Advisory Committee. Prior to forming her consulting company, Ms. Fox was with the government relations office of the American Dietetic Association and at the Food and Nutrition Service in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Ms. Fox received her M.P.H. from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health and a B.S. in dietetics from Hood College.


Matthew W. Kreuter, Ph.D., M.P.H., is professor of social work and medicine at Washington University in St. Louis, and founding director of the Health Communication Research Laboratory, one of five National Cancer Institute–designated Centers of Excellence in Cancer Communication Research. He is also a member of the Washington University Institute for Public Health and co-leader of the Cancer Prevention and Control Program at the Siteman Cancer Center. His research explores strategies to increase the reach and effectiveness of health information in low-income and minority populations to help eliminate health disparities. Dr. Kreuter has served as a member of the Institute of Medicine’s Board on Population Health and Public Health Practices. He received



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