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TABLE 6-4 Daily CACFP Target Median Intakesa for Children Compared to MyPyramid Food Intake Patterns

Nutrient

TMI for 1 Year

1,000 calories/d MyPyramid Pattern

TMI for 2–4 Yearsb

Protein (g)d

27

42

40

Vitamin A (µg RAE)

431

455

462

Vitamin C (mg)

71

73

76

Vitamin E (mg αT)

6.5

4.5

7.1

Thiamin (mg)

0.82

1.0

0.90

Riboflavin (mg)

1.2

1.5

1.21

Niacin (mg)

10.3

9.7

11.8

Vitamin B6 (mg)

0.90

1.1

0.98

Folate (µg DFE)

271

306

316

Vitamin B12 (µg)

2.7

4.3

2.8

Iron (mg)

7.4

7.6

8.5

Magnesium (mg)

131

180

148

Zinc (mg)

5.4

6.6

6.3

Calcium (mg)

500

782

600

Phosphorus (mg)

780

905

836

Potassium (mg)

3,000

1,988

3,267

Sodium (mg)f

1,500

869

1,633

Linoleic acid (g)

7.0

9.3

8.0

α-linolenic acid (g)

0.70

0.9

0.77

Fiber (g)

19.0

13.0

21.0

NOTE: The goal is to offer diets that provide at least the amount of nutrient listed in the TMI column for each age group. The MyPyramid columns show the amount of each nutrient that the pattern would provide given the target calorie level for the age group. αT = α-tocopherol; d = day; DFE = dietary folate equivalent; g = gram; kg = kilogram; µg = microgram; mg = milligram; RAE = retinol activity equivalent; TMI = Target Median Intake.

aTMIs are calculated based on a 5% prevalence of inadequacy for nutrients with an EAR. Those shown in bold font are higher than the amounts provided by the MyPyramid pattern.

bTMIs shown for the 2–4-year-old and 5–10-year-old age groups are calculated using weighted averages of the EARs and AIs for two DRI age groups.

cThe 1,300-calories-per-day pattern is an average of the 1,200- and 1,400-calorie patterns; the 1,900-calories-per-day pattern is an average of the 1,800- and 2,000-calorie patterns.

The committee relied on recommendations from 2005 Dietary Guidelines (HHS/USDA, 2005) to set a target maximum intake for saturated fat and cholesterol (substances in food that are not essential nutrients) and ranges of intake for total fat (IOM, 2002/2005). In particular, the Dietary Guidelines recommends a fat intake of 25 to 35 percent of total calories, less than 10 percent of calories from saturated fatty acids (which are abundant in the fat in dairy products and meat), and a maximum of 300 mg of cholesterol per day for all individuals over the age of 2 years (HHS/USDA,



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