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TABLE E-3 Current Infant Meal Pattern for Snack

Food Components

Birth through 3 Months

4–7 Months

8–11 Months

Formulaa or breast milkb,c (fl oz)

4–6

4–6

2–4d

Bread/grain

 

 

 

Breade (svg)

 

 

0–½

Crackerse (number)

 

 

0–2

NOTE: fl oz = fluid ounce; svg = serving; T = tablespoon.

aInfant formula and dry cereal must be iron-fortified.

bBreastmilk or formula, or portions of both, may be served; however, it is recommended that breast milk be served in place of formula from birth through 11 months.

cFor some breastfed infants who regularly consume less than the minimum amount of breast milk per feeding, a serving of less than the minimum amount of breast milk may be offered, with additional breast milk offered if the infant is still hungry.

dInfants ages 8–11 months may be served full-strength fruit juice in place of formula or breast milk.

eA serving of this component is required when the infant is developmentally ready to accept it. A serving of this component must be made from whole grain or enriched meal or flour.

SOURCE: Adapted from USDA/FNS, 2010.

TABLE E-4 Current Child Meal Pattern for Breakfast

Food Components

1–2 Years

3–5 Years

6–12 Yearsa

1 Milk (c)

½

¾

1

1 Fruit/vegetable

 

 

 

Juice,b fruit, and/or vegetable (c)

¼

½

½

1 Grain/breadc

 

 

 

Bread (slice)

½

½

1

Cornbread, biscuit, roll, or muffin (svg)

½

½

1

Cold dry cereal (c)

¼

¾

Hot cooked cereal (c)

¼

¼

½

Pasta, noodles, or grains (c)

¼

¼

½

NOTE: c = cup; svg = serving.

aChildren ages 12 years and older may be served larger portions based on their greater needs. They may not be served less than the minimum quantities listed in this column.

bFruit or vegetable juice must be full-strength.

cBreads and grains must be made from whole grain or enriched meal or flour. Cereal must be whole grain, enriched, or fortified.

SOURCE: Adapted from USDA/FNS, 2010.



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