served breakfasts to more than 11.1 million children each school day. Under the NSLP, reimbursement is available for snacks served to children in afterschool educational and enrichment programs to include children through 18 years of age (USDA/FNS, 2009a, 2010b). This program is separate from the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) afterschool program. Regulations for these programs are being updated to bring them into better alignment with the current Dietary Guidelines.
Schools with the highest enrollment of students eligible for free and reduced-price lunch are given priority for participation in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) (http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/FFVP/FFVPdefault.htm). The program is intended to benefit low-income children that generally have limited opportunities to consume fresh fruits and vegetables on a regular basis. Many school-age children who are participants in a day care or afterschool program that participates in CACFP also benefit from the FFVP. The FFVP was initiated as a pilot program in 2002 and made permanent in 2004 in response to concerns about the increase in childhood obesity. The goal of the FFVP is to help children learn more healthful eating habits by introducing schoolchildren to a variety of produce that they otherwise might not have the opportunity to taste and consume (USDA/FNS, 2010c).
The Special Milk Program (http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Milk/Default.htm) provides milk to children in schools and child care institutions that do not participate in federal meal programs. Schools or institutions may serve pasteurized fluid types of unflavored or flavored whole milk, low-fat milk, skim milk, and cultured buttermilk. Schools that participate in the NSLP or SBP may also participate in the Special Milk Program as a way to provide milk to children in half-day prekindergarten and kindergarten programs where they do not have access to the school meal programs (USDA/FNS, 2009b).
The Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) (http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Summer) is the single largest federal resource available for local organizations that want to combine a feeding program with a summer activity program for children (USDA/FNS, 2010d). The program provides free, nutritious meals and snacks to children in low-income areas throughout