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J
Nutrient Targets by Meal and Age Group and Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group and Nutrient Targets with Recommended Meal Patterns

LIST OF TABLES

  • TABLE J-1 Breakfast Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week by Age Group

  • TABLE J-2 Lunch/Supper Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week by Age Group

  • TABLE J-3 Snack Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week by Age Group

  • TABLE J-4 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 1 Year of Age1

  • TABLE J-5 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 5–13 Years of Age

  • TABLE J-6 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 14–18 Years of Age

  • TABLE J-7 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Adults ≥ 19 Years of Age

1

The comparison of MyPyramid Food Group targets with the MyPyramid food groups in the recommended meal patterns for children 2–4 years of age is located in Chapter 10, Table 10-1.



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J Nutrient Targets by Meal and Age Group and Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group and Nutrient Targets with Recommended Meal Patterns LIST OF TABLES • TABLE J-1 Breakfast Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week by Age Group • TABLE J-2 Lunch/Supper Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week by Age Group • TABLE J-3 Snack Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week by Age Group • TABLE J-4 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Chil- dren 1 Year of Age1 • TABLE J-5 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Chil- dren 5–13 Years of Age • TABLE J-6 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Chil- dren 14–18 Years of Age • TABLE J-7 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Adults $ 19 Years of Age 1 The comparison of MyPyramid Food Group targets with the MyPyramid food groups in the recommended meal patterns for children 2–4 years of age is located in Chapter 10, Table 10-1. 251

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252 CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM • TABLE J-8 Comparison of Nutrients in Recommended Meal Pat- terns with Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week for CACFP for Children 1 Year of Age2 • TABLE J-9 Comparison of Nutrients in Recommended Meal Pat- terns with Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week for CACFP for Children 5–13 Years of Age • TABLE J-10 Comparison of Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns with Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week for CACFP for Children 14–18 Years of Age • TABLE J-11 Comparison of Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns with Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week for CACFP for Adults $ 19 Years of Age • TABLE J-12 Comparison of Nutrients at Baseline with Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 1 Year of Age3 • TABLE J-13 Comparison of Nutrients at Baseline with Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 5–13 Years of Age • TABLE J-14 Comparison of Nutrients at Baseline with Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 14–18 Years of Age • TABLE J-15 Comparison of Nutrients at Baseline with Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns for Adults $ 19 Years of Age 2 The comparison of nutrients in recommended meal patterns with nutrient targets for CACFP for children 2–4 years of age is located in Chapter 10, Table 10-2. 3 The comparison of nutrients at baseline with nutrients in recommended meal patterns for children 2–4 years of age is located in Chapter 10, Table 10-3.

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253 APPENDIX I TABLE J-1 Breakfast Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week by Age Group 1 Year 2–4 Years 5–13 Years 14–18 Years Adults Calories (kcal) 190 260 396 528 418 Protein (g/d) 5.4 8.0 20 21 23 Vitamin A (μg RAE/d) 86 92 147 186 217 Vitamin C (mg/d) 14 15 20 26 30 Vitamin E (mg αT/d) 1.3 1.4 2.3 3.6 4.1 Thiamin (mg/d) 0.16 0.18 0.27 0.37 0.40 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.23 0.24 0.36 0.44 0.46 Niacin (mg/d) 2.1 2.4 3.4 4.4 5.0 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 0.18 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.54 Folate (μg DFE/d) 54 63 97 139 142 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) 0.54 0.56 0.81 1.0 1.1 Iron (mg/d) 1.5 1.7 2.3 4.1 2.8 Magnesium (mg/d) 26 30 56 97 99 Zinc (mg/d) 1.1 1.3 2.2 2.8 3.0 Calcium (mg/d) 100 120 264 331 334 Phosphorus (mg/d) 156 167 283 377 271 Potassium (mg/d) 600 653 1,011 1,196 1,309 Sodium (mg/d) , 300 , 327 , 498 , 446 , 412 Linoleic acid (g/d) 1.4 1.6 2.5 3.1 3.1 α-linolenic acid (g/d) 0.14 0.15 0.24 0.31 0.34 Fiber (g/d) 3.8 4.2 6.4 7.4 6.4 NOTES: αT 5 α-tocopherol; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; g 5 gram; kcal 5 kilocalorie; μg 5 microgram; mg 5 milligram; RAE 5 retinol activity equivalent.

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254 CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM TABLE J-2 Lunch/Supper Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week by Age Group 1 Year 2–4 Years 5–13 Years 14–18 Years Adults Calories (kcal) 247 338 576 768 608 Protein (g/d) 7.0 10.4 29 31 33 Vitamin A (μg RAE/d) 112 120 214 271 316 Vitamin C (mg/d) 19 20 29 37 43 Vitamin E (mg αT/d) 1.7 1.8 3.3 5.3 5.9 Thiamin (mg/d) 0.21 0.23 0.39 0.54 0.58 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.31 0.32 0.52 0.64 0.67 Niacin (mg/d) 2.7 3.1 4.9 6.3 7.2 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 0.23 0.25 0.44 0.58 0.79 Folate (μg DFE/d) 70 82 142 202 207 Vitamin B12 (μg /d) 0.70 0.72 1.2 1.5 1.6 Iron (mg/d) 1.9 2.2 3.4 6.0 4.0 Magnesium (mg/d) 34 39 81 141 144 Zinc (mg/d) 1.4 1.6 3.2 4.0 4.4 Calcium (mg/d) 130 156 383 481 486 Phosphorus (mg/d) 203 217 412 548 394 Potassium (mg/d) 780 849 1,471 1,740 1,904 Sodium (mg/d) , 390 , 425 , 725 , 648 , 599 Linoleic acid (g/d) 1.8 2.1 3.6 4.5 4.5 α-linolenic acid (g/d) 0.18 0.20 0.35 0.45 0.50 Fiber (g/d) 4.9 5.5 9.3 10.7 9.3 NOTES: αT 5 α-tocopherol; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; g 5 gram; kcal 5 kilocalorie; μg 5 microgram; mg 5 milligram; RAE 5 retinol activity equivalent.

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255 APPENDIX J TABLE J-3 Snack Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week by Age Group 1 Year 2–4 Years 5–13 Years 14–18 Years Adults Calories (kcal) 133 182 126 168 133 Protein (g/d) 3.8 5.6 6.4 6.8 7.3 Vitamin A (μg RAE/d) 60 65 47 59 69 Vitamin C (mg/d) 10 11 6.2 8.1 9.5 Vitamin E (mg αT/d) 0.92 1.0 0.71 1.2 1.3 Thiamin (mg/d) 0.11 0.13 0.09 0.12 0.13 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.16 0.17 0.11 0.14 0.15 Niacin (mg/d) 1.4 1.6 1.1 1.4 1.6 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 0.13 0.14 0.10 0.13 0.17 Folate (μg DFE/d) 38 44 31 44 45 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) 0.38 0.39 0.26 0.32 0.35 Iron (mg/d) 1.0 1.2 0.73 1.3 0.88 Magnesium (mg/d) 18 21 18 31 32 Zinc (mg/d) 0.76 0.88 0.70 0.88 0.95 Calcium (mg/d) 70 84 84 105 106 Phosphorus (mg/d) 109 117 90 120 86 Potassium (mg/d) 420 457 322 381 417 Sodium (mg/d) , 210 , 229 , 159 , 142 , 131 Linoleic acid (g/d) 0.98 1.1 0.80 0.99 0.97 α-linolenic acid (g/d) 0.10 0.11 0.08 0.10 0.11 Fiber (g/d) 2.7 2.9 2.0 2.3 2.0 NOTES: αT 5 α-tocopherol; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; g 5 gram; kcal 5 kilocalorie; μg 5 microgram; mg 5 milligram; RAE 5 retinol activity equivalent.

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256 TABLE J-4 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 1 Year of Age Weekly (5-Day) Allowance per Meal 1,000-Calorie MyPyramid Pattern for 1-Year-Oldsa Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack 1,000-kcal 5-Day 1,000-kcal Daily 5-Day Weekc Weekly Food Groupb MyPyramid Amts MyPyramid Amts 20%d Patterne 26% Patterne 14% Patterne Totalf Fruit (c) 1 5 1.0 1.25 1.3 1.25 0.70 1 5.75 Vegetables (c) 1 5 0 0 1.3 1.25 0.70 0.25 3 Dark green (c/wk) 1 0.7 0 0 0.19 0.25 0.10 0 0.5 Orange (c/wk) 0.5 0.4 0 0 0.09 0.25 0.05 0.125 0.75 Dry beans (c/wk) 0.5 0.4 0 0 0.09 0.125 0.05 0 0.25 Starchy (c/wk) 1.5 1.1 0 0 0.28 0.25 0.15 0 0.5 Other (c/wk) 4 2.9 0 0 0.74 0.375 0.40 0.125g 1 Grains (oz eq) 3 15 3.0 3.5 3.9 2.5 2.1 1 10.5 Meat and beans (oz eq) 2 10 2.0 1.5 2.6 2.5 1.4 1 8.5 Milk (c) 2 10 2.0 2.5 2.6 2.5 1.4 1 9.5 NOTES: Amts 5 amounts; c 5 cup; kcal 5 calories; oz eq 5 ounce equivalent; wk 5 week. For consistency within the table, decimals, instead of fractions, are used in tables comparing MyPyramid pattern amounts and recommended CACFP 5-day meal patterns. aOil 5 15 grams/day; discretionary calories 5 165 kcal/day. bSee Appendix Table H-1 for a list of foods in the MyPyramid food groups and subgroups. cDaily MyPyramid amounts multiplied by 5 to represent goals for a 5-day week. dProportional amount in each meal, based on the percentage of calories in the meal; vegetables are not required at breakfast. eAmounts in the meal pattern for each meal. fTotal MyPyramid amounts are calculated as: breakfast 1 lunch 1 supper 1 two snacks. gThe other vegetables served at snack are to be non-starchy vegetables only. SOURCE: MyPyramid patterns from Britten et al., 2006.

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TABLE J-5 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 5–13 Years of Age Weekly (5-Day) Allowance per Meal 1,800-Calorie MyPyramid Pattern for 5–13-Year-Oldsa Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack 1,800-kcal 5-Day 1,800-kcal Daily 5-Day Weekc Weekly Food Groupb MyPyramid Amts MyPyramid Amts 22%d Patterne 32% Patterne 7% Patterne Totalf Fruit (c) 1.5 7.5 1.7 2.5 2.4 2.5 0.53 1 9.5 Vegetables (c) 2.5 12.5 0 0 4.0 5 0.88 1 12 Dark green (c/wk) 3 2.1 0 0 0.69 1 0.15 0 2 Orange (c/wk) 2 1.4 0 0 0.46 0.5 0.10 0.5 2 Dry beans (c/wk) 3 2.1 0 0 0.69 0.5 0.15 0 1 Starchy (c/wk) 3 2.1 0 0 0.69 1 0.15 0 2 Other (c/wk) 6.5 4.6 0 0 1.5 2 0.33 0.5g 5 Grains (oz eq) 6 30 6.6 9.5 9.6 10 2.1 2 33.5 Meat and beans (oz eq) 5 25 5.5 3 8.0 10 1.8 2 27 Milk (c) 3 15 3.3 3.75 4.8 5 1.1 1 15.75 NOTES: Amts 5 amounts; c 5 cup; kcal 5 calories; oz eq 5 ounce equivalent; wk 5 week. For consistency within the table, decimals, instead of fractions, are used in tables comparing MyPyramid pattern amounts and recommended CACFP 5-day meal patterns. aOil 5 24 grams/day; discretionary calories 5 195 kcal/day. bSee Appendix Table H-1 for a list of foods in the MyPyramid food groups and subgroups. cDaily MyPyramid amounts multiplied by 5 to represent goals for a 5-day week. dProportional amount in each meal, based on the percentage of calories in the meal; vegetables are not required at breakfast. eAmounts in the meal pattern for each meal. fTotal MyPyramid amounts are calculated as: breakfast 1 lunch 1 supper 1 two snacks. gThe other vegetables served at snack are to be non-starchy vegetables only. SOURCE: MyPyramid patterns from Britten et al., 2006. 257

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258 TABLE J-6 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 14–18 Years of Age Weekly (5-Day) Allowance per Meal 2,400-Calorie MyPyramid Pattern for 14–18-Year-Oldsa Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack 2,400-kcal Daily 2,400-kcal 5-Day MyPyramid 5-Day Weekc Weekly Food Groupb Amts MyPyramid Amts 22%d Patterne 32% Patterne 7% Patterne Totalf Fruit (c) 2 10 2.2 2.5 3.2 2.5 0.70 2 11.5 Vegetables (c) 3 15 0 0 4.8 5 1.05 1.5 13 Dark green (c/wk) 3 2.1 0 0 0.69 1 0.15 0 2 Orange (c/wk) 2 1.4 0 0 0.46 0.5 0.10 0.5 2 Dry beans (c/wk) 3 2.1 0 0 0.69 0.5 0.15 0 1 Starchy (c/wk) 6 4.3 0 0 1.4 1 0.30 0 2 Other (c/wk) 7 5.0 0 0 1.6 2 0.35 1g 6 Grains (oz eq) 8 40 8.8 12 12.8 12.5 2.8 4 45 Meat and beans (oz eq) 6.5 32.5 7.2 6 10.4 12.5 2.3 2 35 Milk (c) 3 15 3.3 5 4.8 5 1.1 1 17 NOTES: Amts 5 amounts; c 5 cup; kcal 5 calories; oz eq 5 ounce equivalent; wk 5 week. For consistency within the table, decimals, instead of fractions, are used in tables comparing MyPyramid pattern amounts and recommended CACFP 5-day meal patterns. aOil 5 31 grams/day; discretionary calories 5 362 kcal/day. bSee Appendix Table H-1 for a list of foods in the MyPyramid food groups and subgroups. cDaily MyPyramid Amounts multiplied by 5 to represent goals for a 5-day week. dProportional amount in each meal, based on the percentage of calories in the meal; vegetables are not required at breakfast. eAmounts in the meal pattern for each meal. fTotal MyPyramid amounts are calculated as: breakfast 1 lunch 1 supper 1 two snacks. gThe other vegetables served at snack are to be non-starchy vegetables only. SOURCE: MyPyramid patterns from Britten et al., 2006.

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TABLE J-7 Comparison of MyPyramid Food Group Targets with MyPyramid Food Groups in Recommended Meal Patterns for Adults $ 19 Years of Age Weekly (5-Day) Allowance per Meal 1,900-Calorie MyPyramid Patterna for Adults $ 19 Years Oldsb Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack 1,900-kcal Daily 1,900-kcal 5-Day MyPyramid 5-Day Weekd Weekly Food Groupc Amts MyPyramid Amts 22%e Patternf 32% Patternf 7% Patternf Totalg Fruit (c) 1.75 8.75 1.9 2.5 2.8 2.5 0.61 2 11.5 Vegetables (c) 2.5 12.5 0 0 4.0 5 0.88 1 12 Dark green (c/wk) 3 2.1 0 0 0.69 1 0.15 0 2 Orange (c/wk) 2 1.4 0 0 0.46 0.5 0.10 0.5 2 Dry beans (c/wk) 3 2.1 0 0 0.69 0.5 0.15 0 1 Starchy (c/wk) 3 2.1 0 0 0.69 1 0.15 0 2 Other (c/wk) 6.5 4.6 0 0 1.5 2 0.33 0.5h 5 Grains (oz eq) 6 30 6.6 12 9.6 10 2.1 2 36 Meat and beans (oz eq) 5.25 26.25 5.8 3 8.4 10 1.8 2 27 Milk (c) 3 15 3.3 3.75 4.8 5 1.1 1 15.75 NOTES: Amts 5 amounts; c 5 cup; kcal 5 calories; oz eq 5 ounce equivalent; wk 5 week. For consistency within the table, decimals, instead of fractions, are used in tables comparing MyPyramid pattern amounts and recommended CACFP 5-day meal patterns. a1,900-calorie pattern based on an average of the 1,800- and 2,000-calorie patterns. bOil 5 25.5 grams/day; discretionary calories 5 231 kcal/day. cSee Appendix Table H-1 for a list of foods in the MyPyramid food groups and subgroups. dDaily MyPyramid amounts multiplied by 5 to represent goals for a 5-day week. eProportional amount in each meal, based on the percentage of calories in the meal; vegetables are not required at breakfast. fAmounts in the meal pattern for each meal. gTotal MyPyramid amounts are calculated as: breakfast 1 lunch 1 supper 1 two snacks. hThe other vegetables served at snack are to be non-starchy vegetables only. SOURCE: MyPyramid patterns from Britten et al., 2006. 259

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TABLE J-8 Comparison of Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns with Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day 260 Week for CACFP for Children 1 Year of Age Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack Nutr. Nutr. in % Nutr. Nutr. in % Nutr. Nutr. in % Targets Meals Diff. Targets Meals Diff. Targets Meals Diff. Calories (kcal) 190 186 –2 247 212 –14 133 98 –26 % Calories from fat 25–35 33 NA 25–35 35 NA 25–35 36 NA % Calories from sat. fat , 10 15 NA , 10 15 NA , 10 15 NA Protein (g/d) 5.4 8.0 48 7.0 10 42 3.8 3.6 –4 Vitamin A (µg RAE/d) 86 87 1 112 137 23 60 58 –3 Vitamin C (mg/d) 14 9.1 –35 19 14 –27 10 6.5 –35 Vitamin E 1.3 0.27 –79 1.7 0.72 –58 0.92 0.30 –67 (mg αT/d) Thiamin (mg/d) 0.16 0.26 63 0.21 0.19 –10 0.11 0.08 –27 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.23 0.41 78 0.31 0.34 10 0.16 0.15 –6 Niacin (mg/d) 2.1 2.5 17 2.7 2.1 –23 1.4 0.75 –46 0.18 0.29 61 0.23 0.22 –4 0.13 0.09 –31 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) Folate (µg DFE/d) 54 94 75 70 53 –25 38 24 –37 0.54 1.1 96 0.70 0.79 13 0.38 0.32 –16 Vitamin B12 (µg/d) Iron (mg/d) 1.5 2.3 55 1.9 1.2 –35 1.0 0.55 –45 Magnesium (mg/d) 26 30 17 247 212 –14 133 98 –26 Zinc (mg/d) 1.1 1.6 44 1.4 1.4 –1 0.76 0.55 –28 Calcium (mg/d) 100 177 77 130 183 40 70 89 26 Phosphorus (mg/d) 156 182 17 203 205 1 109 88 –20 Potassium (mg/d) 600 325 –46 780 408 –48 420 183 –56 Sodium (mg/d) , 300 227 –24 , 390 334 –14 , 210 123 –41 Linoleic acid (g/d) 1.4 0.61 –56 1.8 0.97 –46 0.98 0.48 –51 0.14 0.12 –14 0.18 0.18 0 0.10 0.06 –40 α-linolenic acid (g/d) Fiber (g/d) 3.8 1.6 –57 4.9 2.7 –46 2.7 1.1 –61 NOTE: αT 5 α-tocopherol; CACFP 5 Child and Adult Care Food Program; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; diff 5 difference; g 5 grams; kcal 5 calories; μg 5 micrograms; mg 5 milligrams; mo 5 month; NA 5 not applicable; nutr 5 nutrient; sat. fat 5 saturated fat.

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TABLE J-9 Comparison of Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns with Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week for CACFP for Children 5–13 Years of Age Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack Nutr. Nutr. in % Nutr. Nutr. in % Nutr. Nutr. in % Targets Meals Diff. Targets Meals Diff. Targets Meals Diff. Calories (kcal) 396 355 –10 576 612 6 126 151 20 % Calories from fat 25–35 21 NA 25–35 28 NA 25–35 33 NA % Calories from sat. fat , 10 8 NA , 10 9 NA , 10 11 NA Protein (g/d) 20 16 –22 29 32 10 6.4 5.9 –8 Vitamin A 147 238 62 214 540 153 47 181 285 (μg RAE/d) Vitamin C (mg/d) 20 20 –2 29 41 40 6.2 9.1 46 Vitamin E 2.3 0.47 –80 3.3 2.6 –21 0.71 0.66 –7 (mg αT/d) Thiamin (mg/d) 0.27 0.58 115 0.39 0.57 46 0.09 0.12 33 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.36 0.82 128 0.52 0.88 69 0.11 0.21 91 Niacin (mg/d) 3.4 6.0 78 4.9 7.7 57 1.1 1.4 29 0.30 0.67 123 0.44 0.72 64 0.10 0.16 60 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 97 245 152 142 190 34 31 47 51 Folate (μg DFE/d) 0.81 2.2 169 1.2 2.1 74 0.26 0.45 73 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) Iron (mg/d) 2.3 6.1 167 3.4 4.7 39 0.73 1.1 53 Magnesium (mg/d) 56 65 16 81 127 56 126 151 20 Zinc (mg/d) 2.2 3.6 64 3.2 4.5 42 0.70 0.94 34 Calcium (mg/d) 264 325 23 383 461 20 84 127 51 Phosphorus (mg/d) 283 353 25 412 596 45 90 136 51 Potassium (mg/d) 1,011 612 –40 1,471 1,182 –20 322 284 –12 Sodium (mg/d) , 498 530 6 , 725 1,310 81 , 159 277 74 Linoleic acid (g/d) 2.5 1.2 –52 3.6 3.3 –7 0.80 0.96 20 0.24 0.09 –63 0.35 0.36 3 0.08 0.07 –13 α-linolenic acid (g/d) Fiber (g/d) 6.4 3.9 –39 9.3 9.3 0 2.0 2.1 6 NOTE: αT 5 α-tocopherol; CACFP 5 Child and Adult Care Food Program; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; diff 5 difference; g 5 grams; kcal 5 calories; μg 5 micrograms; mg 5 milligrams; mo 5 month; NA 5 not applicable; nutr 5 nutrient; sat. fat 5 saturated fat. 261

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TABLE J-10 Comparison of Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns with Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 262 5-Day Week for CACFP for Children 14–18 Years of Age Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack Nutr. Nutr. in % Nutr. Nutr. in % Nutr. Nutr. in % Targets Meals Diff. Targets Meals Diff. Targets Meals Diff. Calories (kcal) 528 479 –9 768 701 –9 168 233 39 % Calories from fat 25–35 25 NA 25–35 28 NA 25–35 29 NA % Calories from sat. fat , 10 9 NA , 10 10 NA , 10 9 NA Protein (g/d) 21 23 10 31 37 19 6.8 7.7 13 Vitamin A 186 305 64 271 547 102 59 197 233 (μg RAE/d) Vitamin C (mg/d) 26 21 –20 37 41 10 8.1 18 116 Vitamin E 3.6 0.58 –84 5.3 2.8 –48 1.2 0.95 –21 (mg αT/d) Thiamin (mg/d) 0.37 0.80 116 0.54 0.66 22 0.12 0.21 75 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.44 1.1 145 0.64 0.96 50 0.14 0.28 100 Niacin (mg/d) 4.4 8.2 85 6.3 9.2 46 1.4 2.3 63 0.40 0.87 118 0.58 0.79 36 0.13 0.25 92 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 139 308 122 202 215 6 44 85 93 Folate (μg DFE/d) 1.0 2.9 192 1.5 2.3 53 0.32 0.53 66 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) Iron (mg/d) 4.1 7.9 91 6.0 5.5 -9 1.3 2.0 57 Magnesium (mg/d) 97 83 –14 141 141 0 31 43 37 Zinc (mg/d) 2.8 4.9 75 4.0 5.2 29 0.88 1.3 50 Calcium (mg/d) 331 426 29 481 487 1 105 147 40 Phosphorus (mg/d) 377 483 28 548 664 21 120 176 47 Potassium (mg/d) 1,196 789 –34 1,740 1,250 –28 381 410 8 Sodium (mg/d) , 446 746 67 , 648 1,495 131 , 142 416 193 Linoleic acid (g/d) 3.1 1.7 –44 4.5 3.9 –14 0.99 1.4 43 0.31 0.11 -65 0.45 0.41 –9 0.10 0.11 10 α-linolenic acid (g/d) Fiber (g/d) 7.4 4.5 –39 10.7 10.2 –5 2.3 3.6 58 NOTE: αT 5 α-tocopherol; CACFP 5 Child and Adult Care Food Program; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; diff 5 difference; g 5 grams; kcal 5 calories; μg 5 micrograms; mg 5 milligrams; mo 5 month; NA 5 not applicable; nutr 5 nutrient; sat. fat 5 saturated fat.

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TABLE J-11 Comparison of Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns with Nutrient Targets Averaged Over a 5-Day Week for CACFP for Adults $ 19 Years of Age Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack Nutr. Nutr. in % Nutr. Nutr. in % Nutr. Nutr. in % Targets Meals Diff. Targets Meals Diff. Targets Meals Diff. Calories (kcal) 418 399 –5 608 625 3 133 174 31 % Calories from fat 25–35 20 NA 25–35 27 NA 25–35 31 NA % Calories from sat. fat , 10 7 NA , 10 9 NA , 10 10 NA Protein (g/d) 23 17 –27 33 32 –3 7.3 6.2 –16 Vitamin A 217 272 25 316 529 67 69 182 164 (μg RAE/d) Vitamin C (mg/d) 30 21 –31 43 41 –5 9.5 15 53 Vitamin E 4.1 0.53 –87 5.9 2.6 –56 1.3 0.76 –42 (mg αT/d) Thiamin (mg/d) 0.40 0.69 73 0.58 0.57 –2 0.13 0.14 8 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.46 0.92 100 0.67 0.88 31 0.15 0.21 40 Niacin (mg/d) 5.0 7.3 46 7.2 7.7 7 1.6 1.6 1 0.54 0.79 46 0.79 0.71 –10 0.17 0.19 12 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 142 304 114 207 190 –8 45 50 12 Folate (μg DFE/d) 1.1 2.5 126 1.6 2.1 31 0.35 0.42 20 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) Iron (mg/d) 2.8 7.6 173 4.0 4.7 18 0.88 1.2 40 Magnesium (mg/d) 99 73 –26 144 127 –12 32 32 –1 Zinc (mg/d) 3.0 4.2 40 4.4 4.6 4 106 122 15 Calcium (mg/d) 334 348 4 486 466 –4 86 136 59 Phosphorus (mg/d) 271 385 42 394 600 52 417 328 –21 Potassium (mg/d) 1,309 639 –51 1,904 1,189 –38 , 131 289 121 Sodium (mg/d) , 412 622 51 , 599 1,312 119 0.97 1.1 10 Linoleic acid (g/d) 3.1 1.4 –55 4.5 3.3 –26 0.11 0.08 –27 0.34 0.10 –71 0.50 0.37 –26 2.0 2.6 32 α-linolenic acid (g/d) Fiber (g/d) 6.4 4.5 –29 9.3 9.3 0 106 122 15 NOTE: αT 5 α-tocopherol; CACFP 5 Child and Adult Care Food Program; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; diff 5 difference; g 5 grams; 263 kcal 5 calories; μg 5 micrograms; mg 5 milligrams; mo 5 month; NA 5 not applicable; nutr 5 nutrient; sat. fat 5 saturated fat.

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TABLE J-12 Comparison of Nutrients at Baseline with Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 264 1 Year of Age Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack Baseline Revised % Change Baseline Revised % Change Baseline Revised % Change Calories (kcal) 134 186 39 216 212 –2 112 98 –12 Fat (g) 3.9 6.9 78 9.0 8.19 –9 3.4 3.9 17 % Calories from Fat 26 33 28 38 35 –8 27 36 33 Saturated fat (g) 2.0 3.2 61 3.7 3.5 –6 1.2 1.6 43 % Calories from sat. fat 13 15 16 16 15 –4 9 15 62 Protein (g/d) 5.4 8.0 47 12 10 –17 3.2 3.6 16 91 87 –4 105 137 31 32 58 83 Vitamin A (μg RAE/d) Vitamin C (mg/d) 8.4 9.1 9 6.4 14 117 9.8 6.5 –34 0.21 0.27 29 0.53 0.72 36 0.27 0.30 11 Vitamin E (mg αT/d) Thiamin (mg/d) 0.15 0.26 73 0.19 0.19 0 0.09 0.08 –11 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.32 0.41 28 0.35 0.34 –3 0.13 0.15 15 Niacin (mg/d) 1.2 2.5 111 2.4 2.1 –14 0.93 0.75 –19 0.18 0.29 61 0.19 0.22 16 0.09 0.09 0 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 45 94 110 50 53 5 29 24 –19 Folate (μg DFE/d) 0.78 1.1 36 0.94 0.79 -16 0.21 0.32 52 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) Iron (mg/d) 1.1 2.3 118 1.3 1.2 –2 0.72 0.55 –24 Magnesium (mg/d) 24 30 28 34 39 15 16 17 1 Zinc (mg/d) 0.85 1.6 86 1.6 1.4 –15 0.44 0.55 25 Calcium (mg/d) 167 177 6 190 183 –4 63 89 40 Phosphorus (mg/d) 155 182 18 218 205 –6 72 88 22 Potassium (mg/d) 290 325 12 362 408 13 179 183 2 Sodium (mg/d) 145 227 56 380 334 –12 128 123 –4 Linoleic acid (g/d) 0.39 0.61 56 1.1 0.97 –11 0.58 0.48 –17 0.06 0.12 100 0.13 0.18 38 0.05 0.06 20 α-linolenic acid (g/d) Fiber (g/d) 1.2 1.6 41 1.7 2.7 57 1.1 1.1 –1 NOTE: αT 5 α-tocopherol; CACFP 5 Child and Adult Care Food Program; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; g 5 grams; kcal 5 calories; μg 5 micrograms; mg 5 milligrams; mo 5 month; sat. fat 5 saturated fat.

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TABLE J-13 Comparison of Nutrients at Baseline with Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 5–13 Years of Age Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack Baseline* Revised % Change Baseline* Revised % Change Baseline* Revised % Change Calories (kcal) 281 355 26 470 612 30 198 151 –24 Fat (g) 7.6 8.2 9 18 19 4 6.2 5.5 –12 % Calories from Fat 24 21 –14 35 28 –20 28 33 15 Saturated fat (g) 3.7 3.0 –18 7.3 6.4 –12 2.1 1.8 –14 % Calories from sat. fat 12 8 –35 14 9 –33 10 11 13 Protein (g/d) 11 16 40 25 32 30 5.9 5.9 1 205 238 16 252 540 115 58 181 213 Vitamin A (μg RAE/d) Vitamin C (mg/d) 18 20 11 19 41 110 14 9.1 –34 0.44 0.47 7 1.3 2.6 97 0.46 0.66 43 Vitamin E (mg αT/d) Thiamin (mg/d) 0.35 0.58 66 0.42 0.57 36 0.17 0.12 –27 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.69 0.82 19 0.72 0.88 23 0.24 0.21 –13 Niacin (mg/d) 3.0 6.0 101 5.2 7.7 48 1.7 1.4 –18 0.44 0.67 54 0.44 0.72 64 0.16 0.16 0 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 120 245 103 117 190 62 55 47 –15 Folate (μg DFE/d) 1.8 2.2 24 1.9 2.1 12 0.40 0.45 14 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) Iron (mg/d) 2.9 6.1 109 2.9 4.7 64 1.4 1.1 –18 Magnesium (mg/d) 50 65 31 75 127 68 29 29 –1 Zinc (mg/d) 2.0 3.6 84 3.4 4.5 35 0.85 0.94 11 Calcium (mg/d) 340 325 –4 385 461 20 118 127 7 Phosphorus (mg/d) 320 353 10 452 596 32 134 136 2 Potassium (mg/d) 586 612 4 809 1,182 46 290 284 –2 Sodium (mg/d) 327 530 62 844 1,310 55 243 277 14 Linoleic acid (g/d) 0.85 1.2 40 2.4 3.3 39 1.1 0.96 –12 0.12 0.09 –25 0.28 0.36 31 0.09 0.07 –18 α-linolenic acid (g/d) Fiber (g/d) 2.6 3.9 52 4.6 9.3 105 1.8 2.1 19 NOTE: αT 5 α-tocopherol; CACFP 5 Child and Adult Care Food Program; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; g 5 grams; kcal 5 calories; μg 5 micrograms; mg 5 milligrams; mo 5 month; sat. fat 5 saturated fat. 265 *The baseline nutrients are the average of nutrients in the baseline menus for the 5–10- and 11–13-year-olds.

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TABLE J-14 Comparison of Nutrients at Baseline with Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns for Children 266 14–18 Years of Age Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack Baseline Revised % Change Baseline Revised % Change Baseline Revised % Change Calories (kcal) 365 479 31 592 701 18 209 233 12 Fat (g) 9.4 13 40 21 22 6 6.5 7.6 18 % Calories from Fat 23 25 7 32 28 –10 28 29 6 Saturated fat (g) 4.2 4.9 16 7.9 7.4 –7 2.2 2.3 7 % Calories from sat. fat 10 9 –11 12 10 –21 9 9 –4 Protein (g/d) 13 23 72 28 37 31 6.1 7.7 25 270 305 13 292 547 87 61 197 223 Vitamin A (μg RAE/d) Vitamin C (mg/d) 19 21 9 25 41 63 15 18 18 0.58 0.58 0 1.7 2.8 64 0.48 0.95 98 Vitamin E (mg αT/d) Thiamin (mg/d) 0.52 0.80 54 0.58 0.66 14 0.18 0.21 17 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.87 1.1 24 0.83 0.96 16 0.25 0.28 12 Niacin (mg/d) 4.9 8.2 66 6.7 9.2 36 1.8 2.3 25 0.62 0.87 40 0.53 0.79 49 0.17 0.25 47 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 196 308 57 177 215 21 58 85 46 Folate (μg DFE/d) 2.3 2.9 28 2.0 2.3 18 0.41 0.53 29 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) Iron (mg/d) 5.0 7.9 57 4.1 5.5 35 1.4 2.0 42 Magnesium (mg/d) 61 83 38 93 141 51 30 43 40 Zinc (mg/d) 2.6 4.9 86 3.8 5.2 35 0.88 1.3 50 Calcium (mg/d) 386 426 10 428 487 14 124 147 19 Phosphorus (mg/d) 388 483 24 519 664 28 140 176 26 Potassium (mg/d) 638 789 24 933 1,250 34 309 410 33 Sodium (mg/d) 505 746 48 1,094 1,495 37 254 416 64 Linoleic acid (g/d) 1.4 1.7 28 3.2 3.9 23 1.1 1.4 25 0.16 0.11 –31 0.36 0.41 14 0.09 0.11 22 α-linolenic acid (g/d) Fiber (g/d) 3.5 4.5 31 6.4 10.2 60 1.9 3.6 92 NOTE: αT 5 α-tocopherol; CACFP 5 Child and Adult Care Food Program; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; g 5 grams; kcal 5 calories; μg 5 micrograms; mg 5 milligrams; mo 5 month; sat. fat 5 saturated fat.

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TABLE J-15 Comparison of Nutrients at Baseline with Nutrients in Recommended Meal Patterns for Adults $ 19 Years of Age Breakfast Lunch/Supper Snack Baseline* Revised % Change Baseline* Revised % Change Baseline* Revised % Change Calories (kcal) 365 399 9 592 625 6 209 174 –17 Fat (g) 9.4 8.95 –5 21 18.99 –9 6.5 6.03 –7 % Calories from Fat 23 20 –13 32 27 –14 28 31 12 Saturated fat (g) 4.2 3.2 –24 7.9 6.4 –19 2.2 2.0 –10 % Calories from sat. fat 10 7 –30 12 9 –24 9 10 8 Protein (g/d) 13 17 25 28 32 14 6.1 6.2 0 270 272 1 292 529 81 61 182 199 Vitamin A (μg RAE/d) Vitamin C (mg/d) 19 21 9 25 41 63 15 15 –2 0.58 0.53 –9 1.7 2.6 55 0.48 0.76 58 Vitamin E (mg αT/d) Thiamin (mg/d) 0.52 0.69 33 0.58 0.57 –2 0.18 0.14 –22 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.87 0.92 6 0.83 0.88 6 0.25 0.21 –16 Niacin (mg/d) 4.9 7.3 48 6.7 7.7 14 1.8 1.6 –11 0.62 0.79 27 0.53 0.71 34 0.17 0.19 12 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) Folate (µg DFE/d) 196 304 54 177 190 7 58 50 –13 2.3 2.5 9 2.0 2.1 7 0.41 0.42 2 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) Iron (mg/d) 5.0 7.6 52 4.1 4.7 17 1.4 1.2 –15 Magnesium (mg/d) 61 73 20 93 127 36 30 32 5 Zinc (mg/d) 2.6 4.2 59 3.8 4.6 20 0.88 0.97 10 Calcium (mg/d) 386 348 –10 428 466 9 124.0 122 –2 Phosphorus (mg/d) 388 385 –1 519 600 16 140 136 –3 Potassium (mg/d) 638 639 0 933 1,189 28 309 328 6 Sodium (mg/d) 505 622 23 1,094 1,312 20 254 289 14 Linoleic acid (g/d) 1.4 1.4 3 3.2 3.3 6 1.1 1.1 –6 0.16 0.10 –38 0.36 0.37 3 0.09 0.08 –11 α-linolenic acid (g/d) Fiber (g/d) 3.5 4.5 31 6.4 9.3 46 1.9 2.6 39 NOTE: αT 5 α-tocopherol; CACFP 5 Child and Adult Care Food Program; d 5 day; DFE 5 dietary folate equivalent; g 5 grams; kcal 5 calories; μg 5 micrograms; mg 5 milligrams; mo 5 month; sat. fat 5 saturated fat. 267 *There were no baseline menus for adults so the nutrient data from the 14–18-year-old menus were used for comparison.

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268 CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM REFERENCE Britten, P., K. Marcoe, S. Yamini, and C. Davis. 2006. Development of food intake patterns for the MyPyramid Food Guidance System. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 38(6 Suppl):S78–S92.