2003–2004 do not include contributions from dietary supplements. For this reason, the committee’s assessment of usual nutrient intakes relative to ULs focused primarily on intakes of sodium.
Usual intakes of saturated fat and cholesterol were compared with the recommendations in the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (HHS/USDA, 2005) to determine the percentage of individuals in each age group with intakes that exceeded the recommendations.
AMDRs are expressed as a percentage of the total energy intake. For example, the AMDR for fat for children ages 4 through 18 years is 25 to 35 percent of the total energy intake. For these nutrients, the proportion of an age group that fell within defined AMDRs, as well as proportions with usual intakes that either exceeded or fell below the AMDRs, was examined.
NHANES 2003–2004, plus the MPED 2.0, were the primary sources of dietary data used by the committee. The standards against which intakes were measured included AAP recommendations for those younger than 2 years, the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (HHS/USDA, 2005) for those 2 years and older, and the DRIs for persons across the entire age span. Mean food intakes for those ages 2 years and older were evaluated by comparison with MyPyramid food pattern recommendations for selected calorie levels. Nutrient intakes were evaluated using the IOM methodology. Results of these evaluations appear in the next two chapters.
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