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TABLE 4-4 Comparison of Mean and Median Nutrient Intakes from NHANES with the Adequate Intake (AI), by Age Group and Gender

 

 

 

5–10 Years

11–13 Years

14–18 Years

1 Year

2–4 Years

Males

Females

Males

Females

Males

Females

Calcium (mg/d)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AI

500

600

967

967

1,300

1,300

1,300

1,300

Mean intake

989

999

1,034

971

1,099

907

1,202

852

Median intake

954

966

995

939

1,070

876

1,140

815

Potassium (mg/d)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AI

3,000

3,267

4,033

4,033

4,500

4,500

4,700

4,700

Mean intake

2,177

2,184

2,293

2,166

2,432

2,097

2,848

2,099

Median intake

2,103

2,114

2,229

2,125

2,370

2,057

2,755

2,040

Fiber (g/d)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AI

19.0

21.0

27.0

25.3

31.0

26.0

38.0

26.0

Mean intake

9.5

10.1

12.6

12.0

14.3

12.4

15.4

12.0

Median intake

9.1

9.8

12.2

11.7

13.8

12.1

14.6

11.5

Linoleic acid (g/d)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AI

7.0

8.0

10.7

10.0

12.0

10.0

16.0

11.0

Mean intake

8.2

9.1

12.9

12.0

15.4

13.1

16.5

14.1

Median intake

7.8

8.7

12.2

11.6

14.9

12.7

15.5

13.4

α-Linolenic acid (g/d)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AI

0.7

0.8

1.0

0.9

1.2

1.0

1.6

1.1

Mean intake

0.9

1.0

1.2

1.2

1.4

1.2

1.6

1.3

Median intake

0.9

0.9

1.2

1.1

1.3

1.2

1.5

1.3

NOTES: AI = Adequate Intake; g/d = grams per day; mg/d = milligrams per day; NHANES = National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Bold font indicates mean and median intake values lower than the AI.

SOURCES: Intake data from NHANES 2003–2004. The AIs used in the analysis were from the DRI reports (IOM, 1997, 2002/2005, 2005). AIs shown for the 2–4-year-old and 5–10-year-old age groups are weighted averages of the AIs for two DRI age groups.

the recommendations from this study may have implications for CACFP participants’ requirements of these nutrients.

Usual Intakes of Macronutrients

Intakes of protein and total carbohydrate generally were within the respective Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) (IOM, 2006, 2010). For total fat intakes, about 18 percent of children ages 2–4 years who participated in WIC had intakes below the lower bound of the AMDR (IOM, 2006), whereas nearly the same percentage of school-age children had total fat intakes that were above the upper bound (35 percent) of the AMDR (IOM, 2010). Notably, however, over 3 percent of females ages 14–18 years had low reported fat intakes (USDA/FNS, 2008).



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