–APPENDIX A–
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE COMMITTEE

Keith C. Clarke is a research cartographer and professor in the Geography Department at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is also the Santa Barbara Director of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis. Prior to joining the faculty in 1996, he was a professor at Hunter College and he also spent a year as an advisor to the Office of Research in the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Mapping Division. Dr. Clarke’s research focuses on environmental simulation modeling, modeling urban growth, terrain mapping and analysis, and the history of satellite surveillance. He has had numerous leadership roles, including president of the Cartographic and Geographic Information Society, and chair of several NRC committees, including one that identified priorities for geospatial intelligence research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. He currently chairs the NRC Mapping Science Committee. Dr. Clark is a recipient of the John Wesley Powell Award, the USGS’s highest award for achievement, and a fellow of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping. He holds a B.A. from Middlesex Polytechnic (London) and an M.A. and Ph.D. in analytical cartography from the University of Michigan.


Luc E. Anselin is Foundation Professor of Geographical Sciences and the founding director of the School of Geographical Sciences at Arizona State University. He is also the founding director of the university’s GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation. Dr. Anselin’s research focuses on spatial data analysis and geographic information science, with application to regional and environmental economics, epidemiology, criminology, and political science. He has also worked on information technology challenges for secure access to confidential data. He is a member of the NRC’s Mapping Science Committee. Dr. Anselin was awarded the Walter Isard Award in 2005 and the William Alonso Memorial Prize in 2006 for significant contributions to the field of regional science. He is a fellow of the Regional Science Association International and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He holds a B.S. and M.A. from the Free University of Brussels, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in regional science from Cornell University.


Annette J. Krygiel is an independent consultant on topics such as intelligence strategies, capabilities, experimentation, and applications. Prior to starting her own business, she spent 38 years in the Department of Defense, where she managed geodetic and gravimetric programs and



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– APPENDIX A – BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE COMMITTEE Keith C. Clarke is a research cartographer and professor in the Geography Department at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is also the Santa Barbara Director of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis. Prior to joining the faculty in 1996, he was a professor at Hunter College and he also spent a year as an advisor to the Office of Research in the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Mapping Division. Dr. Clarke’s research focuses on environmental simulation modeling, modeling urban growth, terrain mapping and analysis, and the history of satellite surveillance. He has had numerous leadership roles, including president of the Cartographic and Geographic Information Society, and chair of several NRC committees, including one that identified priorities for geospatial intelligence research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. He currently chairs the NRC Mapping Science Committee. Dr. Clark is a recipient of the John Wesley Powell Award, the USGS’s highest award for achievement, and a fellow of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping. He holds a B.A. from Middlesex Polytechnic (London) and an M.A. and Ph.D. in analytical cartography from the University of Michigan. Luc E. Anselin is Foundation Professor of Geographical Sciences and the founding director of the School of Geographical Sciences at Arizona State University. He is also the founding director of the university’s GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation. Dr. Anselin’s research focuses on spatial data analysis and geographic information science, with application to regional and environmental economics, epidemiology, criminology, and political science. He has also worked on information technology challenges for secure access to confidential data. He is a member of the NRC’s Mapping Science Committee. Dr. Anselin was awarded the Walter Isard Award in 2005 and the William Alonso Memorial Prize in 2006 for significant contributions to the field of regional science. He is a fellow of the Regional Science Association International and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He holds a B.S. and M.A. from the Free University of Brussels, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in regional science from Cornell University. Annette J. Krygiel is an independent consultant on topics such as intelligence strategies, capabilities, experimentation, and applications. Prior to starting her own business, she spent 38 years in the Department of Defense, where she managed geodetic and gravimetric programs and 35

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36 APPENDIX A large-scale systems, as well as the development of computer science and telecommunications applications for mapping. She also served as the chief scientist of the Defense Mapping Agency and director of the Central Imagery Office, which were eventually merged with other imagery and mapping agencies into the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Dr. Krygiel has received many awards for her accomplishments, including the Distinguished Civilian Service Award from the Secretary of Defense and the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal from the Director of Central Intelligence. She has served on several NRC committees related to defense and geospatial data issues. She received a B.S. in mathematics from St. Louis University and a Ph.D. in computer science from Washington University. Carolyn J. Merry is a professor and chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Geodetic Science at Ohio State University. She also directs the university’s Center for Mapping. Prior to joining the faculty, she held research positions at the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Dr. Merry’s research interests are in land cover change and water quality mapping using satellite imagery, watershed and water quality engineering models, and geographic information systems. Her work has been recognized in awards by the American Meteorological Society, NASA, and American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS). She is a member of the NRC Mapping Science Committee and president elect of ASPRS. She received a B.S. from Edinboro State College, an M.A. from Dartmouth College, and a Ph.D. in civil engineering from the University of Maryland. Scott A. Sandgathe is a principal meteorologist in the Applied Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington. He is a retired Navy Commander and has served as the Deputy Director of the Joint Typhoon Warning Center and onboard the USS Carl Vinson providing meteorological and oceanographic support for battle group operations. In addition, he has held a number of positions related to research policy and planning in the Navy, including Team Leader for the Office of Naval Research Marine Meteorology and Atmospheric Effects Program. He is currently Technical Lead for the NOAA-Navy-Air Force National Unified Operational Prediction Capability Program. Dr. Sandgathe’s research focuses on tropical meteorology, synoptic analysis and forecasting, and numerical weather prediction. He is also developing automated forecast verification techniques for mesoscale numerical weather prediction. Dr. Sandgathe is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and a member of the NRC Panel of Atmosphere, Climate and Security, under the Committee on Climate, Energy, and National Security. He received a B.S. in physics and meteorology from Oregon State University and a Ph.D. in meteorology and oceanography from the Naval Postgraduate School. Mani Srivastava is a professor in both the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science departments at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is also systems area co-lead and a research executive committee member at the Center of Embedded Networked Sensing, an NSF Science and Technology Center. Prior to joining the faculty in 1996, he worked on mobile and wireless networking at AT&T/Lucent Bell Labs. His research focuses on power and energy- aware wireless communication and computing systems, wireless embedded sensor and actuator networks, distributed embedded systems, and pervasive sensing and computing. Dr. Srivastava has organized a number of conferences and workshops on these issues, most recently a 2009 NSF Workshop on Future Directions in Networked Sensing Systems: Fundamentals and

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APPENDIX A 37 Applications. He is also a co-inventor on 5 U.S. patents in the general area of wireless networking. Dr. Srivastava is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He received a B.Tech. in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering and computer sciences from the University of California, Berkeley. James J. Thomas is a Laboratory Fellow at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory as well as the founder and past director of the Department of Homeland Security’s National Visualization and Analytics Center. Mr. Thomas specializes in the research, design, and implementation of information and scientific visualization, multimedia, and human-computer interaction technology. More recently he has led teams in text, numerical, image and video, temporal, and geospatial analysis for massive information spaces. He was named one of the top 100 scientific innovators by Science Digest and twice the Research and Development’s Industrial Research top 100 innovators in science and industry. In 2009, he received the Christopher Columbus Fellowship Foundation Homeland Security Award for outstanding scientific achievements in founding and establishing the growing science of visual analytics and the numerous associated technologies that aid in detecting, predicting, preventing, and responding to acts of terrorism. Mr. Thomas chairs the steering committee for the IEEE Visual Analytics Science and Technology Symposium, and is a member of IEEE’s Technical Committee on Visualization and Graphics. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received his M.S. in computer science from Washington State University.

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