large-scale systems, as well as the development of computer science and telecommunications applications for mapping. She also served as the chief scientist of the Defense Mapping Agency and director of the Central Imagery Office, which were eventually merged with other imagery and mapping agencies into the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Dr. Krygiel has received many awards for her accomplishments, including the Distinguished Civilian Service Award from the Secretary of Defense and the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal from the Director of Central Intelligence. She has served on several NRC committees related to defense and geospatial data issues. She received a B.S. in mathematics from St. Louis University and a Ph.D. in computer science from Washington University.


Carolyn J. Merry is a professor and chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Geodetic Science at Ohio State University. She also directs the university’s Center for Mapping. Prior to joining the faculty, she held research positions at the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Dr. Merry’s research interests are in land cover change and water quality mapping using satellite imagery, watershed and water quality engineering models, and geographic information systems. Her work has been recognized in awards by the American Meteorological Society, NASA, and American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS). She is a member of the NRC Mapping Science Committee and president elect of ASPRS. She received a B.S. from Edinboro State College, an M.A. from Dartmouth College, and a Ph.D. in civil engineering from the University of Maryland.


Scott A. Sandgathe is a principal meteorologist in the Applied Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington. He is a retired Navy Commander and has served as the Deputy Director of the Joint Typhoon Warning Center and onboard the USS Carl Vinson providing meteorological and oceanographic support for battle group operations. In addition, he has held a number of positions related to research policy and planning in the Navy, including Team Leader for the Office of Naval Research Marine Meteorology and Atmospheric Effects Program. He is currently Technical Lead for the NOAA-Navy-Air Force National Unified Operational Prediction Capability Program. Dr. Sandgathe’s research focuses on tropical meteorology, synoptic analysis and forecasting, and numerical weather prediction. He is also developing automated forecast verification techniques for mesoscale numerical weather prediction. Dr. Sandgathe is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and a member of the NRC Panel of Atmosphere, Climate and Security, under the Committee on Climate, Energy, and National Security. He received a B.S. in physics and meteorology from Oregon State University and a Ph.D. in meteorology and oceanography from the Naval Postgraduate School.


Mani Srivastava is a professor in both the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science departments at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is also systems area co-lead and a research executive committee member at the Center of Embedded Networked Sensing, an NSF Science and Technology Center. Prior to joining the faculty in 1996, he worked on mobile and wireless networking at AT&T/Lucent Bell Labs. His research focuses on power and energy-aware wireless communication and computing systems, wireless embedded sensor and actuator networks, distributed embedded systems, and pervasive sensing and computing. Dr. Srivastava has organized a number of conferences and workshops on these issues, most recently a 2009 NSF Workshop on Future Directions in Networked Sensing Systems: Fundamentals and



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