D
Abbreviations and Acronyms

AA arachidonic acid (omega-6 fatty acid)

ADA American Dietetic Association

ADME absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion

AI Adequate Intake

ASN American Society for Nutrition

BMI body mass index

BPA bisphenol A

CALERIE Comprehensive Assessment of Long-Term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CFSAN Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (FDA)

CPI consumer price index

CR caloric restriction

CSPI Center for Science in the Public Interest

CVB3 coxsackie B3 virus

CYP3A cytochrome P450-3A

DDT dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

DHA docosahexaenoic acid (omega-3 fatty acid)

DNRC Division of Nutrition Research Coordination (NIH)

DRI Dietary Reference Intake

DSHEA Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act

DTH delayed-type hypersensitivity



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D Abbreviations and Acronyms AA arachidonic acid (omega-6 fatty acid) ADA American Dietetic Association ADME absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion AI Adequate Intake ASN American Society for Nutrition BMI body mass index BPA bisphenol A CALERIE Comprehensive Assessment of Long-Term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CFSAN Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (FDA) CPI consumer price index CR caloric restriction CSPI Center for Science in the Public Interest CVB3 coxsackie B3 virus CYP3A cytochrome P450-3A DDT dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane DHA docosahexaenoic acid (omega-3 fatty acid) DNRC Division of Nutrition Research Coordination (NIH) DRI Dietary Reference Intake DSHEA Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act DTH delayed-type hypersensitivity 

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0 PRoVIdIng HEAltHy And SAFE FoodS AS WE AgE EAR Estimated Average Requirement EPA eicosapentaenoic acid (omega-3 fatty acid) FDA Food and Drug Administration FDC Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 Fight BAC! Fight Foodborne Bacteria FPI Food Policy Institute (Rutgers University) FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA) gI gastrointestinal gMA Grocery Manufacturers Association gRAS Generally Recognized as Safe HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services HNRCA Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging (Tufts University) IFIC International Food Information Council IFN-g Interferon-gamma IgF-1 insulin-like growth factor-1 IOM Institute of Medicine IU International Unit KO knock-out [mice] LDL low-density lipoprotein LTC long-term care MPa Megapascal NCHS National Center for Health Statistics (CDC) NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NIA National Institute on Aging NIH National Institutes of Health NLEA Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990 NOAEL no-observable-adverse-effect level NORC naturally occurring retirement community NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NZFSA New Zealand Food Safety Authority OAA Older Americans Act ODS Office of Dietary Supplements (NIH) PCA Peanut Corporation of America

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 APPEndIX d PCBs polychlorinated biphenyls PEEK polyether ether ketone PgE2 prostaglandin E2 psi pounds per square inch RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance RDI Reference Daily Intake SDS sodium dodecyl sulfate Se selenium SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (USDA) SNE Society for Nutrition Education STEC Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli S.T.O.P. Safe Tables Our Priority TNF tumor necrosis factor UK United Kingdom USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture UV ultraviolet [light] WIC Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (USDA)

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