markets on the basis of initial investment in worthy projects by NITRD agencies. Under the auspices of professional societies, similar studies were published relating specifically to software engineering research.21 These reinforce the extent of the impact of well-managed investments.

Recommendation 5-2: The DOD should take action to undertake DoD-sponsored research programs in the following areas identified as critical to the advancement of defense software producibility: (1) architecture modeling and architectural analysis; (2) assurance: validation, verification, analysis of design and code; (3) process support and economic models for assurance and adaptability; (4) requirements; (5) language, modeling, coding, and tools; (6) cyber-physical systems; and (7) human-systems integration.


Mary Shaw, 2002, “The Tyranny of Transistors: What Counts about Software?” Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Economics-Driven Software Engineering Research, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 49-51; Barry Boehm, 2006, “A View of 20th and 21st Century Software Engineering,” Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Software Engineering, ACM, pp. 12-29; and Leon J. Osterweil, Carlo Ghezzi, Jeff Kramer, and Alexander L. Wolf, 2008, “Determining the Impact of Software Engineering Research on Practice,” IEEE Computer 41(3):39-49.

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