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. "4 Report of the Panel on Planetary Systems and Star Formation." Panel Reports--New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2011.
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TABLE 4.6 Panel’s Conclusions Regarding Detection of Habitable Planets Around M Dwarfs
Radial velocity (RV)
1 m sec−1, on M dwarfs, requiring red-near-IR spectroscopy and new wavelength calibration methods (gas cells, laser combs)
Substantial expansion of currently available observing time on 4- to 10-m-class telescopes for M dwarf survey
Transit survey (precision 10−4-10−5 of host-stellar signal) for 104 closest M dwarfs
Characterization of activity of M dwarfs within 50 pc
JWST primary/secondary transit spectroscopy, 10−4-10−5 of host-stellar signal
NOTE: Acronyms are defined in Appendix C.