and environmental sciences and oversaw human and microbial genomics, biotechnology, molecular and cell biology, health effects of radiation and energy production, computational and structural biology, and climate change research. Prior to going to the Department of Energy, he was the director of the Division of Infrastructure and Resources for the Biological Sciences Directorate at the National Science Foundation (NSF). For his role in advocating, establishing, and leading the Biological Instrumentation Facilities and the Biological Research Centers, Dr. Wooley received NSF’s top performance award, “NSF Superior Accomplishment.” He also held positions as a visiting scientist at G.D. Searle and Company in England, as an assistant professor of biochemical sciences at Princeton, and research associate professor of biophysics at Johns Hopkins Medical School. Dr. Wooley created the first programs within the U.S. federal government for funding research in bioinformatics and in computational biology, and has been involved in strengthening the interface between computing and biology for more than a decade. For the new UCSD California Institute for Telecommunication and Information Technology [Cal-(IT)2], Dr. Wooley directs the biology and biomedical layer or applications component, termed Digitally-enabled Genomic Medicine (DeGeM), a step in delivering personalized medicine in a wireless clinical setting. His current research involves bioinformatics and structural genomics, while his principal objective at UCSD is to stimulate new research initiatives for large-scale, multidisciplinary challenges. He also collaborates in developing scientific applications of information technology and high performance computing; creating industry–university collaborations; expanding applied life science opportunities, notably around drug discovery; and establishing a biotechnology and pharmacology science park on UCSD’s health sciences campus zone.

Susan Fiske, Ph.D., is the Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology at Princeton University. Dr. Fiske received her Ph.D. from Harvard University and has an honorary doctorate from Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Dr. Fiske’s research addresses how stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination are encouraged or discouraged by social relationships, such as cooperation, competition, and power. She has just finished a third edition of Social Cognition (1984, 1991, 2008, each with Taylor) on how people make sense of each other. She has written more than nearly 200 articles and chapters and edited many books and journal special issues. Notably, she edits the Annual Review of Psychology (with Schacter and Sternberg) and the Handbook of Social Psychology (with Gilbert and Lindzey). She also wrote a recent upper-level text, Social Beings: A Core Motives Approach to Social Psychology (2004). She is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, past president of the Association for Psychological Sciences, and 2008 winner of the William James Fellow Award.

Joan M. Lakoski, Ph.D., is the associate vice chancellor for academic career development and the founding and executive director of the Office of Academic Career Development at the University of Pittsburgh Health Sciences, associate dean for postdoctoral education, and professor of pharmacology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Dr. Lakoski received her doctoral degree from the University of Iowa, completed postdoctoral training in the Department of Psychiatry at the Yale University School of Medicine, and has held faculty positions at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston and the Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, including interim chair of the Department of Pharmacology at Penn State. She maintains an active research program investigating the neuropharmacology of aging and impacts of mentoring, is a member of the graduate faculty at the University of Pittsburgh, and participates as a reviewer for NIH Center for Scientific Review study section panels. She has been the recipient of an NIH Research Career Development Award, an Independent Investigator Award from the National Alliance of Research on Schizophrenia, an administrative fellowship at the Pennsylvania State University, and a Committee on Institutional Cooperation Academic Leadership Program Fellow. Currently, she serves as chair of the Ethics Advisory Committee of the Endocrine Society, as a member of the AAMC Group on Faculty Affairs Program Planning and Transition Committee, as a member of the Board Development Committee for the National Postdoctoral Association, as a member of the Postdoctorate Committee for the AAMC Graduate Research and Education Training Group, as chair of the Committing on Teaching for the International Union of Pharmacology, as a AAMC women’s liaison officer for the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and serves as co-director of the KL2 Clinical Research Scholars Program and director of mentoring and faculty development for the Clinical Translational Service Award at the University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences. Her administrative responsibilities encompass oversight and development of comprehensive career development services, including mentoring programs for professional students, postdoctoral fellows, residents, clinical fellows, and faculty across the health schools at the University of Pittsburgh. She remains committed to creating and shaping the future of the biomedical research community.

Mark Pauly, Ph.D. (IOM), received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Virginia. Dr. Pauly is a former commissioner on the Physician Payment Review Commission and an active member of the Institute of Medicine. One of the nation’s leading health economists, Dr. Pauly has made significant contributions to the fields of medical economics and health insurance. His classic study on the economics of moral hazard was the first to point out how health insurance coverage may affect patients’ use of medical services. Subsequent work, both theoretical and empirical, has explored

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