Appendix B
Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award Training Grants and Fellowship

The National Institutes of Health, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, and Health Resources and Services Administration provide predoctoral and postdoctoral research training support through a number of National Research Service Award programs. At each level the programs are distinguished by whether they are made directly to individuals, who use the support at an institution of their choice, or to institutions, which in turn make awards to individuals in their programs. The following is a list of programs encompassed by the National Research Service Awards:

INDIVIDUAL AWARDS

National Research Service Award Individual Predoctoral Fellowships (F30)—The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) provide National Research Service Awards (NRSAs) predoctoral training to individuals working towards the combined M.D./Ph.D. degree. This fellowship program is designed to help ensure that highly trained physician-scientists will be available in adequate numbers and in the appropriate research areas and fields to meet the nation’s mental health, drug abuse and addiction, alcohol abuse and alcoholism and environmental health sciences research needs. In addition, this mechanism has the potential to train clinical investigators who wish to focus their research endeavors on patient-oriented studies.


National Research Service Awards Individual Predoctoral Fellowships (F31)—This fellowship program is directed at different groups.


The National Research Service Award Predoctoral Fellowship for Minority Students will provide up to five years of support for research training leading to the Ph.D. or equivalent research degree; the combined M.D./Ph.D. degree; or other combined professional degree and research doctoral degree in the biomedical, behavioral sciences, or health services research. These fellowships are designed to enhance the racial and ethnic diversity of the biomedical, behavioral, and health services research labor force in the United States. Accordingly, academic institutions are encouraged to identify and recruit students from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups who can apply for this fellowship. Support is NOT available for individuals enrolled in medical or other professional schools UNLESS they are also enrolled in a combined professional doctorate/Ph.D. degree program in biomedical, behavioral, or health services research.


The NRSA Predoctoral Fellowship for Students with Disabilities will provide up to five years of support for research training leading to the Ph.D. (or equivalent research degree), or the combined M.D./Ph.D. degree (or other combined professional research doctoral degrees) in the biomedical or behavioral sciences. The intent of this Predoctoral Fellowship Program is to encourage students with disabilities to seek graduate degrees and thus further the goal of increasing the number of scientists with disabilities who are prepared to pursue careers in biomedical and behavioral research.


The NRSA Individual Predoctoral Fellows are provided by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). These Institutes award NRSA individual predoctoral fellowships (F31) to promising applicants with the potential to become productive, independent investigators in the scientific mission areas of these Institutes. This program will provide predoctoral training support for doctoral candidates that have successfully completed their comprehensive examinations or the equivalent by the time of award and will be performing dissertation research and training.



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appendix B ruth l. kirschstein National research Service award training grants and fellowship The National Institutes of Health, Agency for Health other combined professional degree and research doctoral Care Policy and Research, and Health Resources and Ser- degree in the biomedical, behavioral sciences, or health ser- vices Administration provide predoctoral and postdoctoral vices research. These fellowships are designed to enhance research training support through a number of National the racial and ethnic diversity of the biomedical, behavioral, Research Service Award programs. At each level the pro- and health services research labor force in the United States. grams are distinguished by whether they are made directly Accordingly, academic institutions are encouraged to iden- to individuals, who use the support at an institution of their tify and recruit students from underrepresented racial and choice, or to institutions, which in turn make awards to indi- ethnic groups who can apply for this fellowship. Support is viduals in their programs. The following is a list of programs NOT available for individuals enrolled in medical or other encompassed by the National Research Service Awards: professional schools UNLESS they are also enrolled in a combined professional doctorate/Ph.D. degree program in biomedical, behavioral, or health services research. iNdividual aWardS National Research Service Award Individual Predoctoral The NRSA Predoctoral Fellowship for Students with Dis- Fellowships (F30)—The National Institute of Mental Health abilities will provide up to five years of support for research (NIMH), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), training leading to the Ph.D. (or equivalent research degree), the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism or the combined M.D./Ph.D. degree (or other combined (NIAAA), and the National Institute of Environmental professional research doctoral degrees) in the biomedical or Health Sciences (NIEHS) provide National Research Service behavioral sciences. The intent of this Predoctoral Fellow- Awards (NRSAs) predoctoral training to individuals work- ship Program is to encourage students with disabilities to ing towards the combined M.D./Ph.D. degree. This fellow- seek graduate degrees and thus further the goal of increasing ship program is designed to help ensure that highly trained the number of scientists with disabilities who are prepared to physician-scientists will be available in adequate numbers pursue careers in biomedical and behavioral research. and in the appropriate research areas and fields to meet the nation’s mental health, drug abuse and addiction, alcohol The NRSA Individual Predoctoral Fellows are provided by abuse and alcoholism and environmental health sciences the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism research needs. In addition, this mechanism has the potential (NIAAA), the National Institute on Deafness and Other Com- to train clinical investigators who wish to focus their research munication Disorders (NIDCD), the National Institute on endeavors on patient-oriented studies. Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders National Research Service Awards Individual Pred - and Stroke (NINDS). These Institutes award NRSA individual octoral Fellowships (F31)—This fellowship program is predoctoral fellowships (F31) to promising applicants with the directed at different groups. potential to become productive, independent investigators in the scientific mission areas of these Institutes. This program The National Research Service Award Predoctoral Fellow- will provide predoctoral training support for doctoral candi- ship for Minority Students will provide up to five years of dates that have successfully completed their comprehensive support for research training leading to the Ph.D. or equiva- examinations or the equivalent by the time of award and will lent research degree; the combined M.D./Ph.D. degree; or be performing dissertation research and training. 

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0 APPENDIX B National Research Service Award Individual Postdoctoral the program to select the trainees and to develop a curricu- Fellowship (F32)—This fellowship is designed to provide lum of study and research experiences necessary to provide individuals who have received a Ph.D., M.D., D.O., D.C., high-quality research training. The grant offsets the cost of D.D.S., D.V.M., O.D., D.P.M., Sc.D., Eng.D., Dr. P.H., stipends and tuition support for the appointed trainees. The D.N.S., N.D., Pharm.D., D.S.W., Psy.D., or equivalent following types of training can be supported by this grant: degree with postdoctoral training that broaden their scientific background and provide them with the potential to become Predoctoral Training. Predoctoral research training leads to productive, independent investigators in fields related to the Ph.D. degree or a comparable research doctoral degree. the mission of the NIH constituent institutes and centers. Students enrolled in health-professional training programs Research is to be conducted at a sponsoring institution and that wish to postpone their professional studies in order to under the direction of an individual who will serve as a men- engage in full-time research training may also be appointed tor and will supervise the training and research experience. to an Institutional Research Training Grant. Predoctoral Individuals may receive up to 3 years of aggregate NRSA research training emphasizes fundamental training in areas support at the postdoctoral level, including any combination of biomedical and behavioral sciences. Awards may not be of support from institutional training grants and individual used to support studies leading to the M.D., D.O., D.D.S., or fellowship awards. a similar professional degree, unless the trainee is enrolled in a combined-degree (e.g., M.D./Ph.D.) program. In addition, N ational Research Service Award Senior Postdoctoral they may not be used to support residencies or other non- Fellowship (F33)—The NIH awards NRSA senior fellow- research clinical training. ships (F33) to experienced scientists who wish to make major changes in the direction of their research careers or Postdoctoral Training. Postdoctoral research training is for who wish to broaden their scientific background by acquir- individuals who have received a Ph.D., D.V.M, D.D.S., M.D., ing new research capabilities. These awards will enable or a comparable doctoral degree from an accredited domestic individuals with at least seven years of research experience or foreign institution. Research training at the postdoctoral beyond the doctorate, and who have progressed to the stage level must emphasize specialized training to meet national of independent investigator, to take time from regular profes- research priorities in the biomedical, behavioral, or clinical sional responsibilities for the purpose of receiving training sciences. Research training grants are a mechanism for the to increase their scientific capabilities. In most cases, this postdoctoral training of physicians and other health profes- award is used to support sabbatical experiences for estab- sionals who may have extensive clinical training but limited lished independent scientists. This program is not designed research experience. For such individuals, the training may for postdoctoral-level investigators seeking to prove their be a part of a research degree program. In all cases, postdoc- research potential prior to independence. Senior fellowship toral trainees should agree to engage in at least 2 years of support may be requested for a period of up to 2 years. research, research training, or comparable activities begin- However, no individual may receive more than 3 years of ning at the time of appointment. It has been shown that the aggregate NRSA support at the postdoctoral level, including duration of training has been shown to be strongly correlated any combination of support from institutional and individual with retention in post-training research activity. awards. Short-Term Research Training for Health-Professional Minority Access to Research Careers Faculty Fellowships Students. Applications for Institutional Research Training (F34)—For advanced research training of selected faculty Grants may include a request for short-term predoctoral members at eligible institutions in which student enrollments positions reserved specifically to provide full-time, health- are drawn substantially from minority groups. related research training experiences during the summer or other “off-quarter” periods. Such positions are limited Intramural National Research Service Award Postdoctoral t o medical students, dental students, students in other FellowshiR (F35)—To allow physicians, dentists, and vet- health-professional programs, and graduate students in the erinarians with limited research experience an opportunity physical or quantitative sciences. Short-term appointments to prepare for careers in biomedical or behavioral laboratory are intended to provide such students with opportunities research through training on the NIH campus. to participate in biomedical and/or behavioral research in an effort to attract them into health-related research careers. Short-term positions should be requested in the iNStitutioNal aWardS application and approved at the time of award. Normally, National Research Service Award Institutional Training short-term positions are not to be used for individuals who Grants (T32)—The institutional research training grants have already earned a doctoral degree. Short-term research provide support to training programs at institutions of training positions should last at least 8 but no more than 12 higher education, and are designed to allow the director of weeks. Individual health-professional students or students

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 APPENDIX B in the quantitative sciences selected for appointment should the research training environment for MARC trainees and be encouraged to obtain multiple periods of short-term, pre-MARC students (freshmen and sophomores) and sci- health-related research training during the years leading to ence faculty development at MARC-supported institutions. their degree. Such appointments may be consecutive or may Currently, progress in many sub-disciplines in the biological be reserved for summers or other “off-quarter” periods. It sciences (e.g., structural biology, bioinformatics, modeling should be noted that not all NIH Institutes and Centers permit of complex systems, population genetics, and evolution) short-term positions. Applicants interested in such positions is dependent on the use of information and methodologies should contact the awarding institute or center prior to com- from diverse disciplines of science such as mathematics, pleting their application. biophysics, computer science, and engineering. Thus, the MARC U- STAR program specifically encourages the devel- Short-term appointments on regular NRSA Institutional opment of pedagogical tools for incorporating quantitative Research Training Grants (T32) should not be confused with concepts, computational skills, and principles of modeling NRSA Short-Term Institutional Research Training Grants complex biological phenomena in pre-MARC and MARC (T35), which are exclusively reserved for short-term research student science curricula. To this end, the MARC U-STAR training appointments. program will also provide funds for the development of needed course materials for the curricular changes proposed, Minority Access to Research Careers (MARC) Under- as well as for faculty training required for introducing the use graduate Institutional Grants (T34)—The Minority Access of such materials in the different science courses. to Research Careers (MARC) Branch of the Division of Minority Opportunity in Research (MORE) of the National Short-Term Training Awards (T35)—National Research Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) provide Service Awards (NRSA) Short-Term Institutional Research awards for biomedical research to selected institutions to Training Grants (T35) are made to eligible institutions to support the undergraduate education of minority students develop or enhance research training opportunities for indi- w ho can compete successfully for entry into graduate viduals interested in careers in biomedical and behavioral programs leading to a Ph.D. degree in the biomedical or research. Many of the NIH Institutes and Centers use this behavioral sciences. Biomedical research includes such areas grant mechanism exclusively to support intensive, short-term as cell biology, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, research training experiences for students in health profes- genetics, etc., and behavioral research as well as the more sional schools during the summer. In addition, the Short- quantitative areas such as mathematics, physics, chemistry Term Institutional Research Training Grant can be used to and computer sciences, necessary to analyze biological support other types of predoctoral and postdoctoral training phenomena. The MARC Undergraduate Student Training in focused, often emerging, scientific areas relevant to the in Academic Research (U-STAR) program supports institu- mission of the funding NIH institute or center. The proposed tional training grants for underrepresented minority junior training must be in either basic or clinical aspects of the and senior honors students in any of the above cited science health-related sciences. The training should be of sufficient areas to improve their preparation for graduate training in depth to enable the trainees, upon completion of the program, the biomedical/behavioral sciences. In addition, MARC to have a thorough exposure to the principles underlying the U-STAR grants provide an allowable cost support to improve conduct of research.

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