in the quantitative sciences selected for appointment should be encouraged to obtain multiple periods of short-term, health-related research training during the years leading to their degree. Such appointments may be consecutive or may be reserved for summers or other “off-quarter” periods. It should be noted that not all NIH Institutes and Centers permit short-term positions. Applicants interested in such positions should contact the awarding institute or center prior to completing their application.

Short-term appointments on regular NRSA Institutional Research Training Grants (T32) should not be confused with NRSA Short-Term Institutional Research Training Grants (T35), which are exclusively reserved for short-term research training appointments.

Minority Access to Research Careers (MARC) Undergraduate Institutional Grants (T34)—The Minority Access to Research Careers (MARC) Branch of the Division of Minority Opportunity in Research (MORE) of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) provide awards for biomedical research to selected institutions to support the undergraduate education of minority students who can compete successfully for entry into graduate programs leading to a Ph.D. degree in the biomedical or behavioral sciences. Biomedical research includes such areas as cell biology, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, genetics, etc., and behavioral research as well as the more quantitative areas such as mathematics, physics, chemistry and computer sciences, necessary to analyze biological phenomena. The MARC Undergraduate Student Training in Academic Research (U-STAR) program supports institutional training grants for underrepresented minority junior and senior honors students in any of the above cited science areas to improve their preparation for graduate training in the biomedical/behavioral sciences. In addition, MARC U-STAR grants provide an allowable cost support to improve the research training environment for MARC trainees and pre-MARC students (freshmen and sophomores) and science faculty development at MARC-supported institutions. Currently, progress in many sub-disciplines in the biological sciences (e.g., structural biology, bioinformatics, modeling of complex systems, population genetics, and evolution) is dependent on the use of information and methodologies from diverse disciplines of science such as mathematics, biophysics, computer science, and engineering. Thus, the MARC U- STAR program specifically encourages the development of pedagogical tools for incorporating quantitative concepts, computational skills, and principles of modeling complex biological phenomena in pre-MARC and MARC student science curricula. To this end, the MARC U-STAR program will also provide funds for the development of needed course materials for the curricular changes proposed, as well as for faculty training required for introducing the use of such materials in the different science courses.

Short-Term Training Awards (T35)—National Research Service Awards (NRSA) Short-Term Institutional Research Training Grants (T35) are made to eligible institutions to develop or enhance research training opportunities for individuals interested in careers in biomedical and behavioral research. Many of the NIH Institutes and Centers use this grant mechanism exclusively to support intensive, short-term research training experiences for students in health professional schools during the summer. In addition, the Short-Term Institutional Research Training Grant can be used to support other types of predoctoral and postdoctoral training in focused, often emerging, scientific areas relevant to the mission of the funding NIH institute or center. The proposed training must be in either basic or clinical aspects of the health-related sciences. The training should be of sufficient depth to enable the trainees, upon completion of the program, to have a thorough exposure to the principles underlying the conduct of research.

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