Redmond, S. P. 1990. Mentoring and cultural diversity in academic settings. American Behavioral Scientist 34(2):188-200.

Rubenstein, E. S., and the Staff of NPI. 2008. Cost of Diversity: The Economic Costs of Racial and Cultural Diversity, Issue Number 803. Augusta, GA: National Policy Institute.

Rueckert, L. 2002. Report from CUR 2002: Assessment of research. Council on Undergraduate Research Quarterly 23:10-11.

Russell, S. H., M. P. Hancock, and J. McCullough. 2007. Benefits of undergraduate research experiences. Science 316(5824):548-549.

Ryu, Mikyung. 2008. Minorities in Higher Education. Washington, DC: American Council on Education.

Santos, S. J. and E. T. Reigadas. 2002. Latinos in higher education: An evaluation of a university faculty mentoring program. Journal of Hispanic Higher Education 1:40-50.

Schunk, D. H. 1981. Modeling and attributional effects on children’s achievement: A self-efficacy analysis. Journal of Educational Psychology 73(1):93-105.

Schwitzer, A. M., and R. Thomas. 1998. Implementation, utilization, and outcomes of a minority freshman peer mentor program at a predominantly white university. Journal of the Freshman Year Experience and Students in Transition 10(1):31-50.

Seymour, Elaine, and Nancy M. Hewitt. 1997. Talking About Leaving: Why Undergraduates Leave the Sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Shapley, D., and R. Roy. 1985. Lost at the Frontier: U.S. Science and Technology Policy Adrift. Philadelphia, PA: ISI Press.

Slaughter, John Brooks. 2008. The “New” American Dilemma, An Open Letter from Dr. John Brooks Slaughter, in NACME, Confronting the “New” American Dilemma: Underrepresented Minorities in Engineering: A Data-based Look at Diversity. Washington, DC: NACME.

Smith, D. 1997. Diversity Works: The Emerging Picture of How Students Benefit. Washington, DC: Association of American Colleges and Universities.

Spencer, S. J., C. M. Steele, and D. M. Quinn. 1999. Stereotype threat and women’s math performance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 35(1):4-28.

Springer, L., M. E. Stanne, and S. S. Donovan. 1999. Effects of small-group learning on undergraduates in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology: A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research 69(1):21-51.

Steele, C. M. 1992. April. Race and the schooling of Black Americans. Atlantic Monthly 1-17.

Steele, C. M., and J. Aronson. 1995. Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69(5):797-811.

Steele, C. M., S. J. Spencer, and J. Aronson. 2002. Contending with group image: The psychology of stereotype and social identity threat. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology 24:379-440.

Summers, Michael. 2008. Remarks to High-Achieving Minority High School Students. University of Maryland Baltimore County.

Summers, M. F. and F. Hrabowski. 2006. Preparing minority scientists and engineers. Science 311:1870-1871.

Swail, W. S., K. E., Redd, and L. W. Perna. 2003. Retaining Minority Students in Higher Education. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report. Los Angeles, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Thile, E. L., and G. E. Matt. 1995. The ethnic mentor undergraduate program: A brief description and preliminary findings. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development 23(2):116-126.

Treisman, U. 1992. Studying students studying calculus: A look at the lives of minority mathematics students in college. College Mathematics Journal 23(5):362-372.

Trippi, J. and H. E. Cheatham. 1991. Counseling effects on African American college students graduation. Journal of College Student Development 32(4):342-349.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement