. "Appendix E: Recommendations on STEM Education from *Rising Above the Gathering Storm*." Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation: America's Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2011.
The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation: America’s Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads
BEST AND BRIGHTESTIN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING HIGHER EDUCATION
Recommendation C: Make the United States the most attractive setting in which to studyand perform research so that we can develop, recruit, and retain thebest and brightest students, scientists, and engineers from within theUnited States and throughout the world.
Action C-1: Increase the number and proportion of U.S. citizens who earnbachelor’s degrees in the physical sciences, the life sciences, engineering, andmathematics by providing 25,000 new 4-year competitive undergraduatescholarships each year to U.S. citizens attending U.S. institutions.
The Undergraduate Scholar Awards in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (USA-STEM) would be distributed to states on the basis of the size of their congressional delegations and awarded on the basis of national examinations. An award would provide up to $20,000 annually for tuition and fees.
Action C-2: Increase the number of U.S. citizens pursuing graduate studyin “areas of national need” by funding 5,000 new graduate fellowshipseach year.
NSF should administer the program and draw on the advice of other federal research agencies to define national needs. The focus on national needs is important both to ensure an adequate supply of doctoral scientists and engineers and to ensure that there are appropriate employment opportunities for students once they receive their degrees. Portable fellowships would provide a stipend of $30,000 annually directly to students, who would choose where to pursue graduate studies instead of being required to follow faculty research grants, and up to $20,000 annually for tuition and fees.
Action C-3: Provide a federal tax credit to encourage employers to makecontinuing education available (either internally or through colleges anduniversities) to practicing scientists and engineers.
These incentives would promote career-long learning to keep the workforce productive in an environment of rapidly evolving scientific and engineering discoveries and technological advances and would allow for retraining to meet new demands of the job market.