motivation, affordability, and academic and social integration, outlines the key educational, social, and professional steps necessary for a student to grow into a scientist or engineer. The paths within the “pathway” or “pipeline” are varied, but elements can be identified to direct discussion of the steps necessary for increasing the participation and success of underrepresented minorities in STEM. The final section of the report consists of two chapters. The first of these chapters provides guiding principles for the development and implementation of policies and programs. The final chapter provides recommendations and a comprehensive list of implementation actions across educational stages and stakeholders. It also includes two priority actions focused on the committee’s near-term goal of increasing the persistence and completion of underrepresented minority undergraduates in STEM.