FIGURE 2-1 Enrollment and degrees, by educational level and race/ethnicity/citizenship, 2007.

FIGURE 2-1 Enrollment and degrees, by educational level and race/ethnicity/citizenship, 2007.

SOURCES: NCES, Digest of Education Statistics, 2008, Table 41. NSF, Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities, Tables A-2, C-6, E-3, and F-11. NSF, S&E Degree Awards, 2006, Table 3.

underrepresented minorities; the percentage of URM women is even lower.10 Whites were overrepresented at 74.5 percent of the S&E workforce compared to 67.4 percent of the U.S. population. Asians were overrepresented as well: The proportion of Asians in the S&E workforce (16.4 percent) is substantially more than their representation in the U.S population (4.4 percent).

Underrepresentation of this magnitude in the S&E workforce stems from the underproduction of minorities in S&E at every level of post-secondary education, with a progressive loss of representation as we proceed

10

D. Nelson. 2007. A National Analysis of Minorities in Science and Engineering Faculties at Research Universities. Norman, OK: Diversity in Science Association and University of Oklahoma.



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